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Isovolumic contractions were imposed by intraventricular balloon in 39 isolated, blood-perfused canine hearts to investigate the effects of myocardial stretch on contractile force. After stabilization at 37 degrees C, left ventricular volume was increased so that end-diastolic pressure increased from 0 to 5 mmHg. After the immediate increase in developed(More)
The mechanism of the inhibitory action of rebamipide, a new mucosal protective drug, was studied using rats with diethyldithiocarbamate-induced gastric antral ulcers. Rebamipide reduced ulcer formation and inhibited the elevation in lipid peroxide concentration in the gastric mucosa. Rebamipide inhibited both luminol- and lucigenin-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Structural changes in the number, size, and shape of mitochondria (mt) have been observed in the atrial muscles of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and of animals with rapid atrial pacing, however, it is not known whether the mitochondrial function is impaired in human atrium with AF. MATERIALS AND METHODS We determined adenine(More)
The urinary concentrations of 8-isoprostane and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), which are biomarkers of oxidative stress, were measured in 677 Japanese people without any diseases, and their correlations with lifestyle facotrs, lifestyle-related blood biochemical parameters, and dietary intake of antioxidative vitamins were investigated. The mean(More)
To investigate the possible role of the superoxide radical and its scavenging system in the human endometrium, the immunohistochemical distribution of superoxide dismutase (SOD), activities of SOD and lipid peroxide concentrations were studied in the human endometrium throughout the menstrual cycle and in early pregnancy. The endometrial epithelium showed a(More)
We studied the anti-inflammatory activity of meloxicam on rat carrageenin-induced pleurisy and its toxicity for rat gastric mucosa, relative to its in vitro inhibitory potency against partially purified cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 preparations in order to clarify the pharmacological profile of the compound as an anti-inflammatory agent. In rat(More)
We measured serum urate in 3,258 Japanese outpatients. Five of them had persistent hypouricemia. Three also had microhematuria. Four of the five patients were proven to have renal uricosuria with hypouricemia, but otherwise normal tubular function. When tested with both pyrazinamide and benzbromarone, 1 patient had a presecretory reabsorption defect, 2 had(More)
PTH and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) have been regarded to have positive inotropic effects on the heart as well as positive chronotropic and vasodilator effects. However, inotropy due to a direct effect of these peptides has not heretofore been distinguished from an indirect inotropic effect as a result of altered heart rate or coronary flow. The aim of this(More)
Rat carrageenin-induced pleurisy was used to clarify the role of prostaglandin H synthase (PGHS)-2 in acute inflammation. Intrapleural injection of 0.2 ml of 2% lambda-carrageenin induced accumulation of exudate and infiltration of leukocytes into the pleural cavity. When PGHS-1 and -2 proteins in the pleural exudate cells were analyzed by Western blot(More)
Serum uric acid was measured in 586 normal subjects and 1,220 hospitalized patients. Hypouricemia was noted in 0.34% of the normal subjects and 2.54% of the hospitalized patients. Among hospitalized patients with hypouricemia, 22 were on medication, including allopurinol, anticancer drugs, antibiotics and glucocorticoids. Twenty-one patients had liver(More)