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Acquired uniparental disomy (aUPD) is a common feature of cancer genomes, leading to loss of heterozygosity. aUPD is associated not only with loss-of-function mutations of tumour suppressor genes, but also with gain-of-function mutations of proto-oncogenes. Here we show unique gain-of-function mutations of the C-CBL (also known as CBL) tumour suppressor(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) proliferate infinitely and are pluripotent. Only a few reports, however, describe specific and efficient methods to induce hESCs to differentiate into mature blood cells. It is important to determine whether and how these cells, once generated, behave similarly with their in vivo-produced counterparts. We developed a(More)
Ecotropic viral integration site 1 (Evi1), a transcription factor of the SET/PR domain protein family, is essential for the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in mice and is overexpressed in several myeloid malignancies. Here, we generate reporter mice in which an internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-GFP cassette is knocked-in to the Evi1 locus.(More)
Notch signaling is involved in cell fate decisions in many systems including hematopoiesis. It has been shown that expression of an activated form of Notch1 (aNotch1) in 32D mouse myeloid progenitor cells inhibits the granulocytic differentiation induced by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Results of the current study show that aNotch1, when(More)
Memory T cells respond in several functionally different ways from naive T cells and thus function as efficient effector cells. In this study we showed that primed T cells were more resistant to Fas-mediated activation-induced cell death (AICD) than naive T cells using OVA-specific TCR transgenic DO10 mice and Fas-deficient DO10 lpr/lpr mice. We found that(More)
The Notch1-RBP-Jkappa and the transcription factor Runx1 pathways have been independently shown to be indispensable for the establishment of definitive hematopoiesis. Importantly, expression of Runx1 is down-regulated in the para-aortic splanchnopleural (P-Sp) region of Notch1- and Rbpsuh-null mice. Here we demonstrate that Notch1 up-regulates Runx1(More)
Antigen-induced eosinophil recruitment into the airways of sensitized mice is mediated by CD4(+) T cells and their cytokines, especially IL-5. In this study, we found that the antigen-induced airway eosinophilia was diminished in Stat5a-deficient (Stat5a(-/-)) mice and Stat5b-deficient (Stat5b(-/-)) mice. We also found that antigen-induced CD4(+) T-cell(More)
The development of NK cells from hematopoietic stem cells is thought to be dependent on IL-15. In this study, we demonstrate that stimulation of human cord blood CD34(+) cells by a Notch ligand, Delta4, along with IL-7, stem cell factor, and Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand, but no IL-15, in a stroma-free culture induced the generation of cells with(More)
Asingle cells in undifferentiated spermatogonia are considered to be the most primitive forms of germ stem cells (GSCs). Although GFRα1 is thought to be a marker of Asingle cells, we found that Bmi1(High) is more specific than GFRα1 for Asingle cells. Bmi1(High) expression in Asingle cells is correlated with seminiferous stages, and its expression was(More)
Constitutive activation of Notch signaling is required for the proliferation of a subgroup of human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALL). Previous in vitro studies have demonstrated the therapeutic potential of Notch signaling inhibitors for treating T-ALL. To further examine this possibility, we applied a gamma-secretase inhibitor (GSI) to T-ALL(More)