Learn More
The Notch genes play a key role in cellular differentiation. The significance of Notch1 during thymocyte development is well characterized, but the function of Notch2 is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that Notch2 but no other Notch family member is preferentially expressed in mature B cells and that conditionally targeted deletion of Notch2 results(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are thought to arise in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region of embryo proper, although HSC activity can be detected in yolk sac (YS) and paraaortic splanchnopleura (P-Sp) when transplanted in newborn mice. We examined the role of Notch signaling in embryonic hematopoiesis. The activity of colony-forming cells in the YS(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be generated by the expression of defined transcription factors not only from normal tissue, but also from malignant cells. Cancer-derived iPSCs are expected to provide a novel experimental opportunity to establish the disease model. We generated iPSCs from imatinib-sensitive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)(More)
Acquired uniparental disomy (aUPD) is a common feature of cancer genomes, leading to loss of heterozygosity. aUPD is associated not only with loss-of-function mutations of tumour suppressor genes, but also with gain-of-function mutations of proto-oncogenes. Here we show unique gain-of-function mutations of the C-CBL (also known as CBL) tumour suppressor(More)
Notch signaling affects a variety of mammalian stem cells, but there has been limited evidence that a specific Notch molecule regulates adult stem cells. Recently, it was reported that the reduced Notch signaling initiated at the embryonic stage results in a gradual hair graying phenotype after birth. Here we demonstrate that the oral administration of a(More)
Signaling through the Notch1 receptor has a pivotal role in early thymocyte development. Gain of Notch1 function results in the development of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a number of mouse experimental models, and activating Notch1 mutations deregulate Notch1 signaling in the majority of human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias. Notch2, another(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) proliferate infinitely and are pluripotent. Only a few reports, however, describe specific and efficient methods to induce hESCs to differentiate into mature blood cells. It is important to determine whether and how these cells, once generated, behave similarly with their in vivo-produced counterparts. We developed a(More)
In the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, activin A, TGF-beta1, and bone morphogenic protein 4 (BMP-4) have various effects on hematopoiesis, including early mesodermo-hematogenesis. After these cytokines bind to their respective receptor, a regulatory Smad is phosphorylated and becomes associated with Smad4, the common Smad, and the(More)
We investigated the role of therapeutic dose monitoring (TDM) in the treatment of fungal infections with voriconazole through 49 analyses of 34 patients who received treatment for hematologic diseases. Voriconazole concentration was highly variable among patients regardless of renal, liver functions, or age, and the effect of dose enhancement was not(More)
Just as normal stem cells require niche cells for survival, leukemia-initiating cells (LICs) may also require niche cells for their maintenance. Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is caused by the activity of BCR-ABL, a constitutively active tyrosine kinase. CML therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors is highly effective; however, due to the persistence of(More)