Keika Hoshi

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PURPOSE Bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) for idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is performed at our institution. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic findings after BHA for the treatment of steroid -induced ONFH. METHODS Thirty-seven hips in 27 patients were assessed (seven men, 11 hips; 20 women, 26(More)
OBJECTIVE Bathing, heating, or sympathetic blockade often alleviates pain due to post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN), suggesting that blood flow may affect PHN pain. Here, we examined the effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE), which improves blood circulation, on pain and body temperature in patients with PHN. DESIGN Twenty-four patients with PHN were enrolled in a(More)
BACKGROUND The vitamin D receptor (VDR) is involved in a variety of biological processes, such as bone metabolism and modulation of the immune response. Recent findings suggest that the pathway involving bone mineral density-mediated effects is important for the development of periodontitis, but their effects of combined VDR gene polymorphisms have not been(More)
BACKGROUND Trigeminal nerve block is widely used for trigeminal neuralgia (TN), though with much painful procedure and potential serious complications. The pain of TN occurs most frequently in the second and the third divisions of the trigeminal nerve, which are distributed in intraoral mucous membrane as well as face skin. Here, we examined the response to(More)
Metastatic lymph node density (ND) has been reproducibly proven to be a prognostic factor in gastric cancer. The molecular mechanisms that underlie this aggressiveness are underexplored. Here, we aimed to identify molecules associated with this unique phenotype. Tumor specimens from patients with stage III gastric cancer with high or low ND (n = 4 for both)(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the anatomical success rates of scleral buckling (SB) and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) performed for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in a large case series and to identify prognostic factors for the primary anatomical success rates of surgical techniques. METHODS We reviewed 542 consecutive eyes for primary RRD in this(More)
BACKGROUND The stigma of and discrimination because of HIV has been described as the most important obstacle to prevention and treatment efforts. The purpose of this study was to investigate negative attitudes and prejudice toward HIV among the Japanese non-medical working population and to explore contributing factors. METHODS An online anonymous(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that periodontal disease may be an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. However, the relationship between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to assess the effects of periodontal disease on atherosclerosis. METHODS The study design was a(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of standing balance training on walking speed (short-term outcome) and cardiac events (long-term outcome) in elderly ischemic heart disease (IHD) patients. This was a retrospective cohort study. Ninety-two elderly (≥ 65 years) IHD patients who underwent an inpatient cardiac rehabilitation program were(More)
PURPOSE To compare the efficacy, predictability, safety, and induced higher-order aberrations (HOAs) between wavefront-guided and non-wavefront-guided photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMED, and EMBASE were searched for randomized controlled trials. Trials meeting the selection criteria were(More)