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Intracellular recordings from motoneurones in in vitro preparations of new-born rat spinal cord were used to study the sensitivity of the Ia excitatory post-synaptic potential (e.p.s.p.) to antagonists of excitatory amino acids, in order to test whether group Ia primary afferents release L-glutamate, or a similar compound, as a neurotransmitter. The Ia(More)
The major components of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are MAPK, MAPK kinase (MAPKK), and MAPKK kinase (MAPKKK). Recent rapid progress in identifying members of MAPK cascades suggests that a number of such signaling pathways exist in cells. To date, however, how the specificity and efficiency of the MAPK cascades is maintained is(More)
The movement protein (MP) of tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) was produced in E. coli as a soluble fusion protein with glutathione S-transferase. When immobilized on glutathione affinity beads, the recombinant protein was phosphorylated in vitro by incubating with cell extracts of Nicotiana tabacum and tobacco suspension culture cells (BY-2) in the presence of(More)
A novel fluorescent derivative of glucose was synthesized by reacting D-glucosamine and NBD-Cl. The TLC analysis of the reaction mixture showed the generation of a single spot with intense fluorescence (lambda Ex = 475 nm, lambda Em = 550 nm). The obtained novel fluorescent product, which was identified as(More)
Cytokines and various cellular stresses are known to activate c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK), which plays a role in conveying signals from the cytosol to the nucleus. Here we investigate the translocation and activation of JNK1 during ischemia and reperfusion in perfused rat heart. Ischemia induces the translocation of JNK1 from the cytosol fraction to the(More)
We established a murine osteosarcoma cell line (LM8) with high metastatic potential to the lung from murine Dunn osteosarcoma using 8 repeated Fidler's procedures. We performed the biological characterization of the LM8 and the maternal Dunn cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Morphologically, LM8 possesses many fillopodial protrusions, lamellipodial(More)
BACKGROUND The use of corticosteroids or cytotoxic/immunosuppressive agents such as cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, and cyclosporine for the treatment of frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) is limited because of their adverse effects. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mizoribine, a relatively new immunosuppressive(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport system for H1-antagonists was studied using primary cultured bovine brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC). The uptake of [3H]mepyramine was inhibited by various H1-antagonists. Ketotifen competitively inhibited [3H]mepyramine uptake with an inhibition constant (Ki) of 46.8 microM. Lipophilic basic drugs such as(More)
The transport mechanism of the H1-antagonist mepyramine at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was studied by using primary cultured monolayers of bovine brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC). The initial uptake of [3H]mepyramine into the BCEC showed strong temperature and concentration dependency, indicating that it involves both saturable and nonsaturable(More)