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DNA double-strand breaks represent the most potentially serious damage to a genome; hence, many repair proteins are recruited to nuclear damage sites by as yet poorly characterized sensor mechanisms. Here, we show that NBS1, the gene product defective in Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS), physically interacts with histone, rather than damaged DNA, by direct(More)
The abnormalities of the fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene in tissue samples of oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) along with several leukoplakias and an erythroplakia were examined to determine whether the FHIT gene is actually a frequent target in vivo for alteration during oral carcinogenesis. Abnormal transcripts of the FHIT gene were found in eight(More)
PURPOSE Robotics may improve vitreoretinal surgery by steadying hand motion, thereby reducing negative outcomes. This study aimed to develop a microsurgical robot for vitreoretinal surgery and to perform clinical procedures using robot-assisted interventions. METHODS A microsurgical system for vitreoretinal surgery was designed to meet specific(More)
Tooth loss has been associated with an increased risk of vascular diseases such as coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease. Little is known whether hypertension is an important factor linking 2 phenomena in postmenopausal women. We compared an incidence of hypertension and traditional risk factors for vascular diseases between 2 age-matched(More)
problems arises because many of us evaluate the data from these two sources as equivalent, even though they represent a comparison between (randomly integrated human and murine) transgenes and the natural (murine) locus. Both mice and humans have similar gene organizations relative to the LCR (Figure 1) and, thus, if pressed, most investigators would(More)
Osteoporotic fractures are associated with substantial morbidity, increased medical cost and high mortality risk. Several equipments of bone assessment have been developed to identify individuals, especially postmenopausal women, with high risk of osteoporotic fracture; however, a large segment of women with low skeletal bone mineral density (BMD), namely(More)
BACKGROUND Recent clinical trials have shown that systemic infusion of nesiritide, a recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), improves hemodynamic parameters in acutely decompensated hearts. This suggests that BNP exerts a direct cardioprotective effect and might thus be a useful therapeutic agent with which to treat acute myocardial infarction(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that gene expression is regulated not only by the interaction between transcription factors and DNA but also by the higher-order architecture of the cell nucleus. PML bodies are one of the most prominent nuclear substructures which have been implicated in transcription regulation during apoptosis and stress responses. Bach2(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1 alpha) plays an essential role in the regulation of various genes associated with low oxygen consumption. Elevated expression of HIF-1alpha has been reported to be associated with tumor progression, invasion and metastasis in many cancers. To investigate the role of HIF-1alpha in tumor development and metastasis, we(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II plays a prominent role in the progression of heart failure after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Although both angiotensin type 1 (AT1) and type 2 (AT2) receptors are known to be present in the heart, comparatively little is known about the latter. We therefore examined the role played by AT2 receptors in post-AMI heart failure.(More)