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DNA double-strand breaks represent the most potentially serious damage to a genome; hence, many repair proteins are recruited to nuclear damage sites by as yet poorly characterized sensor mechanisms. Here, we show that NBS1, the gene product defective in Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS), physically interacts with histone, rather than damaged DNA, by direct(More)
Adaptation to hypoxia is a crucial process both physiologically (i.e. in chondrocytes) and pathologically (i.e. in tumor cells). Previous studies have shown that DEC1, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, is induced by hypoxia in glioma cells (Ivanova, A. V., Ivanov, S. V., Danilkovitch-Miagkova, A., and Lerman, M. I. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276,(More)
BACKGROUND The conversion of CPT-11 to its active form, SN-38, by carboxylesterases (CESs) is a critical event in CPT-11-induced cytotoxicity. Among the CESs, CES1 and CES2 probably play a major role in the metabolism, but the functional significance and molecular basis of CES1 on CPT-11 response remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated CES1A1(More)
Glucokinase (GK) and glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) regulate rate-limiting reactions in the physiologically opposed metabolic cascades, glycolysis and gluconeogenesis, respectively. Expression of these genes is conversely regulated in the liver in response to fasting and feeding. We explored the mechanism of transcriptional regulation of these genes by(More)
INTRODUCTION Eroded or thin inferior cortex of the mandible detected on dental panoramic radiographs may be useful for identifying postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density (BMD) or osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether these panoramic measurements are useful for identifying low BMD or osteoporosis in postmenopausal women(More)
OBJECTIVE Measurements of mandibular inferior cortical shape and width detected on dental panoramic radiographs may be a useful screening tool for spinal osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. The purposes of this study were to clarify whether these measures are validated compared with simple screening tools based on questionnaires, such as the osteoporosis(More)
The TR2 and TR4 orphan nuclear receptors comprise the DNA-binding core of direct repeat erythroid definitive, a protein complex that binds to direct repeat elements in the embryonic and fetal beta-type globin gene promoters. Silencing of both the embryonic and fetal beta-type globin genes is delayed in definitive erythroid cells of Tr2 and Tr4 null mutant(More)
UNLABELLED We investigated whether mandibular cortical measures on dental panoramic radiographs are associated with biochemical markers of bone turnover in 82 postmenopausal women. Mandibular cortical shape was significantly associated with biochemical markers and spinal BMD. Our results suggest that dentists may be able to identify postmenopausal women(More)
Dentists are a potentially valuable resource for initial patient screening for signs of osteoporosis, as individuals with osteoporosis have altered architecture of the inferior border of the mandible as seen on panoramic radiographs. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of combining clinical and dental panoramic radiographic risk factors for identifying(More)
Myocardial hypertrophy and extended cardiac fibrosis are independent risk factors for congestive heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Before age 50, men are at greater risk for cardiovascular disease than age-matched women. In the current studies, we found that cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis were significantly more pronounced in males compared with(More)