Keiji Takabe

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An antiserum against glucuronoxylans (GXs) has been raised from a mouse. The dot-blot immunoassay and competitive inhibition test indicated that the antibodies could bind specifically to GXs. Therefore, the antiserum was used for immunogold labelling to investigate the localization of GXs in Japanese beech. Labelling of GXs was seen only in the secondary(More)
The PsbP protein is an extrinsic subunit of photosystem II (PSII) specifically found in land plants and green algae. Using PsbP-RNAi tobacco, we have investigated effects of PsbP knockdown on protein supercomplex organization within the thylakoid membranes and photosynthetic properties of PSII. In PsbP-RNAi leaves, PSII dimers binding the extrinsic PsbO(More)
In this study, saccharification of the inner bark of Eucalyptus was carried out by enzymatic hydrolysis to produce bioethanol from non-food biomass. To enhance the accessibility of the enzyme to the polysaccharides such as cellulose and holocellulose in the cell wall of the bark, the bark was subjected to hydrothermal pre-treatment with carbon dioxide. This(More)
Acinetobacter sp. strain M-1 accumulated a large amount of wax esters from an n-alkane under nitrogen-limiting conditions. Under the optimized conditions with n-hexadecane as the substrate, the amount of hexadecyl hexadecanoate in the cells reached 0.17 g/g of cells (dry weight). Electron microscopic analysis revealed that multilayered disk-shaped(More)
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL; EC and cinnamate-4-hydroxylase (C4H; EC are pivotal enzymes involved in lignification. We synthesized peptides as the epitopes according to the amino acid sequences of these enzymes, coupled them with hemocyanin, and injected them into mice. The antiserums against peptides of PAL and C4H specifically(More)
Glucuronoxylans (GXs), the main hemicellulosic component of hardwoods, are localized exclusively in the secondary wall of Japanese beech and gradually increase during the course of fiber differentiation. To reveal where GXs deposit within secondary wall and how they affect cell wall ultrastructure, immuno-scanning electron microscopy using anti-GXs(More)
A polyclonal antibody against glucomannans (GMs) was raised in a mouse. A dot-blot immunoassay and competitive-inhibition tests indicated that the antibody was specific for GMs. The antibody enables visualization of the localization of GMs in differentiating tracheids ofChamaecyparis obtusa. Labeling of GMs was restricted to the secondary walls of the(More)
Formation of macromolecular lignin in ginkgo cell walls. In the lignifying process of xylem cell walls, macromolecular lignin is formed by polymerization of monolignols on the pectic substances, hemicellulose and cellulose microfibrils that have deposited prior to the start of lignification. Observation of lignifying secondary cell walls of ginkgo tracheids(More)
Delignified and/or xylanase-treated secondary walls of Fagus crenata fibers were examined by field emission scanning electron microscopy. Microfibrils with a smooth surface were visible in the innermost surface of the differentiating fiber secondary wall. There was no ultrastructural difference between control and delignified sections, indicating that(More)
A novel anaerobic, Fe(III)-reducing, hydrogenogenic, carboxydotrophic bacterium, designated strain Ug1(T), was isolated from a volcanic acidic hot spring in southern Kyushu Island, Japan. Cells of the isolate were rod-shaped (1.0-3.0 µm long) and motile due to peritrichous flagella. Strain Ug1(T) grew chemolithoautotrophically on CO (100% in the gas phase)(More)