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Precision measurements are important across all fields of science. In particular, optical phase measurements can be used to measure distance, position, displacement, acceleration, and optical path length. Quantum entanglement enables higher precision than would otherwise be possible. We demonstrated an optical phase measurement with an entangled four-photon(More)
We report the first experimental demonstration of an optical quantum controlled-NOT gate without any path interference, where the two interacting path interferometers of the original proposals have been replaced by three partially polarizing beam splitters with suitable polarization dependent transmittance and reflectance. The performance of the device is(More)
We performed two-dimensional mapping of optical trapping potentials experienced by a 100 nm dielectric particle above a plasmon-resonant gold nanoblock pair with a gap of several nanometers. Our results demonstrate that the potentials have nanoscale spatial structures that reflect the near-field landscape of the nanoblock pair. When an incident polarization(More)
We demonstrate the possibility to achieve optical triggering of photochemical reactions via two-photon absorption using incoherent light sources. This is accomplished by the use of arrays of gold nanoparticles, specially tailored with high precision to obtain high near-field intensity enhancement.
We report on control over the extinction spectrum of tetragonal gold nanoblocks by changing their lateral aspect ratio. Nanoblocks were patterned on a glass substrate by electron-beam lithography and were 40-400 nm in lateral dimensions and spanned from 1 to 9 in aspect ratio. This allowed us to tune the localized surface plasmon bands from 700 nm to 1.5(More)
Spatially formed two-photon interference fringes with fringe periods smaller than the diffraction limit are demonstrated. In the experiment, a fringe formed by two-photon NOON states with wavelength lambda=702.2 nm is observed using a specially developed near-field scanning optical microscope probe and two-photon detection setup. The observed fringe period(More)