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A chloroform-methanol-extracted lipid of Helicobacter pylori was studied. Three kinds of glycolipids, accounting for about 25% (wt/wt) of the total lipid, were detected and identified to be cholesteryl glucosides. The structures of two of them were determined to be cholesteryl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside and(More)
The molecular composition of progenitor toxins produced by a Clostridium botulinum type A strain (A-NIH) was analyzed. The strain produced three types of progenitor toxins (19 S, 16 S, and 12 S) as reported previously. Purified 19 S and 16 S toxins demonstrated the same banding profiles on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(More)
We previously reported that eradication of Helicobacter pylori could reduce the risk of developing gastric cancer in patients with peptic ulcer diseases. In the present study, we further followed up our patient groups to identify factors associated with the development of gastric cancer. Prospective posteradication evaluations were conducted in 1342(More)
Previous reports have indicated that Helicobacter pylori heat-shock protein 60 (H. pylori-HSP60), as an immunodominant antigen, induces interleukin (IL)-8 production in human monocytes. The exact mechanism by which H. pylori-HSP60 induces IL-8 production in monocytes has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, the downstream pathway by which H.(More)
The seasonal profiles of microorganisms in raw sewage, secondary-treated sewage, and final effluent at a wastewater treatment plant in Tokyo, Japan, were quantitatively determined each month for one year, from July 2003 to June 2004. Human noroviruses, which were determined by real-time PCR, in raw sewage varied from 0.17-260 copies/mL for genotype 1 and(More)
Binding of the purified type C 7S (neurotoxin), 12S and 16S botulinum toxins to epithelial cells of ligated small intestine or colon of the guinea pig (in vivo test) and to pre-fixed gastrointestinal tissue sections (in vitro test) was analysed. The 16S toxin bound intensely to the microvilli of epithelial cells of the small intestine in both in vivo and in(More)
OBJECTIVES Infection with Helicobacter pylori is a risk factor for the development of gastric cancer. However, it is not known whether eradication therapy can prevent the development of gastric cancer in persons in whom the cancer is not yet established. In the present study, we investigated whether the eradication of H. pylori in patients with peptic ulcer(More)
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTXs) produced by Clostridium botulinum are among the most poisonous substances known. Of the seven types of BoNTXs, genes for type C1 and D toxins (BoNTX/C1 and D) are carried by bacteriophages. The gene for exoenzyme C3 also resides on these phages. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of c-st, a representative of(More)
A 9.8-kbp DNA fragment which contained a neurotoxin gene and its upstream region was cloned from Clostridium botulinum type D strain CB-16. Nucleotide sequencing of the fragment revealed that genes encoding for hemagglutinin (HA) subcomponents and one for a nontoxic-nonhemagglutinin (NTNH) component were located upstream of the neurotoxin gene. This strain(More)
Contact between Helicobacter pylori and gastric epithelial cells results in activation of NF-kappaB followed by secretion of interleukin (IL)-8. However, host-cell receptor(s) and their ligands involved in H. pylori-related IL-8 production have yet to be fully defined. In this study, the interaction between Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which are host(More)