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Eleven laboratory-evolved polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthases which originated from Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 enzyme (PhaC1(Ps)), together with the wild-type enzyme, were applied for PHA synthesis from fructose using Ralstonia eutropha PHB(-)4 as a host strain. The evolved PhaC1(Ps) mutants had amino acid substitution(s) at position 325 and/or position 481. In(More)
Response regulators of two-component systems play pivotal roles in the transcriptional regulation of responses to environmental signals in bacteria. Rre37, an OmpR-type response regulator, is induced by nitrogen depletion in the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis species PCC 6803. Microarray and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(More)
Ralstonia eutropha H16 is a useful platform for metabolic engineering aiming at efficient production of polyhydroxyalkanaotes being attracted as practical bioplastics. This study focused on bifunctional (S)-specific 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase/(S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase encoded by fadB to obtain information regarding β-oxidation in this bacterium and to(More)
There has been a great interest in application of nanoparticles as biomaterials for delivery of therapeutic molecules such as drugs and genes, and for tissue engineering. In particular, biopolymers are suitable materials as nanoparticles for clinical application due to their versatile traits, including biocompatibility, biodegradability and low(More)
L-alanine ethyl ester was polymerized into poly(L-alanine) (polyAla), one of the insoluble polypeptides, by papain in aqueous buffer at varying pH. At neutral pH, a maximum chain length of 11 repeats was observed. These polymers were dominated by random coiled structure and demonstrated a lack of patterned macromolecular assembly. Under alkaline conditions,(More)
Silk proteins self-assemble into mechanically robust material structures that are also biodegradable and non-cytotoxic, suggesting utility for gene delivery. Since silk proteins can also be tailored in terms of chemistry, molecular weight and other design features via genetic engineering, further control of this system for gene delivery can be considered.(More)
Reaction processes of poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid] (P(3HB)) with two types of poly(hydroxybutyric acid) (PHB) depolymerases secreted from Ralstonia pickettii T1 and Penicillium funiculosum were characterized by means of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM). The PHB depolymerase from R. pickettii T1 consists of catalytic,(More)
Enzymatic degradation processes of poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid] (P(3HB)) and poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid-co-(R)-3-hydroxyvaleric acid] (P(3HB-co-3HV)) single crystals in the presence of PHB depolymerase from Ralstonia pickettii T1 were studied by real-time and static atomic force microscopy (AFM) observations. Fibril-like crystals were generated along(More)
Silks are biodegradable, biocompatible, self-assembling proteins that can also be tailored via genetic engineering to contain specific chemical features, offering utility for drug and gene delivery. Silkworm silk has been used in biomedical sutures for decades and has recently achieved Food and Drug Administration approval for expanded biomaterials device(More)
Because cyanobacteria directly harvest CO2 and light energy, their carbon metabolism is important for both basic and applied sciences. Here, we show that overexpression of the sigma factor sigE in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 widely changes sugar catabolism and increases production of the biodegradable polyester polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) during nitrogen(More)