Keiji Murakami

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Bacterial extracellular polysaccharides are a key constituent of the extracellular matrix material of biofilms. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a model organism for biofilm studies and produces three extracellular polysaccharides that have been implicated in biofilm development, alginate, Psl and Pel. Significant work has been conducted on the roles of alginate(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the principal pathogen of cystic fibrosis patients, forms antibiotic-resistant biofilms promoting chronic colonization of the airways. The extracellular (EPS) matrix is a crucial component of biofilms that provides the community multiple benefits. Recent work suggests that the secondary messenger, cyclic-di-GMP, promotes biofilm(More)
The biofilm of Pseudomonas aeruginosa could be removed by Varidase (streptodornase) that was used as defibrinating drug. After cultivating the biofilm on a silicone chip in a modified alginate-producing medium in vitro, it was treated with Varidase or DNase I. In both treatments, the biofilm was removed depending on the concentration of the reagents.(More)
Bis-(3'-5')-cyclic dimeric guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) modulates the transition between planktonic and biofilm life styles. In response to c-di-GMP, the enhancer binding protein FleQ from Pseudomonas aeruginosa derepresses the expression of Pel exopolysaccharide genes required for biofilm formation when a second protein, FleN is present. A model is(More)
The present study compares the retention of four species that are often isolated in association with biomedical device-related infections - Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albicans - to three different surfaces. All four bacterial species were found to bind significantly less well to MPC-coated surfaces than(More)
The basis of the bactericidal action of antibiotics and the mechanisms of antibiotic tolerance are largely unknown. To elucidate one of the mechanisms of antibiotic tolerance, the present study investigated the role of Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing (QS) and the rpoS gene in antibiotic tolerance. The survival rates of the lasR and lasI mutants were(More)
The adaptation mechanism of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 10145 to quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) was investigated. A P. aeruginosa strain with adapted resistance to QACs was developed by a standard broth dilution method. It was revealed that P. aeruginosa exhibited remarkable resistance to N-dodecylpyridinium iodide (P-12), whose structure is similar(More)
The alternative sigma factor, RpoS has been described as a central regulator of many stationary phase-inducible genes and a master stress-response regulator under various stress conditions. We constructed an rpoS mutant in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and investigated the role of rpoS gene in antibiotic tolerance. The survival of the rpoS mutant cells in(More)
The increased tolerance toward the host immune system and antibiotics displayed by biofilm-forming Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other bacteria in chronic infections such as cystic fibrosis bronchopneumonia is of major concern. Targeting of biofilm formation is believed to be a key aspect in the development of novel antipathogenic drugs that can augment the(More)
To assess the contribution of ppGpp in antibiotic tolerance to quinolone in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, knockout mutants of the genes involved or linked with the stringent response, such as relA, spoT and dksA, were constructed and investigated for their antibiotic susceptibility to quinolones. The survival of the dksA and spoT mutants in the presence of 8(More)