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Pteriodophytes have a longer evolutionary history than any other vascular land plant and, therefore, have endured greater loss of phylogenetically informative information. This factor has resulted in substantial disagreements in evaluating characters and, thus, controversy in establishing a stable classification. To compare competing classifications, we(More)
This study is a nationwide survey of all clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates, including community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA), in Japan. A total of 857 MRSA clinical isolates were collected from the 16 institutions throughout Japan that participated in the survey (2008-2009). The drug susceptibility and staphylococcal cassette(More)
Coriaria, which has the most conspicuously disjunct distribution of the flowering plants, is distributed in four separate areas of the world. The phylogenetic relationships of 12 Coriaria species collected from the representative disjunct areas were inferred by comparing 2416 bp of the combined data set of rbcL (a large subunit of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate(More)
The effects of milk products fermented by Bifidobacterium longum strain BL1, a probiotic strain, on blood lipids in rats and humans were studied. Rats were fed a cholesterol-enriched experimental diet, supplemented with lyophilized powders of 1) acid milk (control), 2) milk fermented with a mixed culture of ordinary yogurt starters composed of Streptococcus(More)
This editorial review summarizes the results of 5 meetings sponsored by the International Society for Cutaneous Lymphoma at which the clinicopathologic and ancillary features of early mycosis fungoides were critically examined. Based on this analysis, an algorithm was developed for the diagnosis of early mycosis fungoides involving a holistic integration of(More)
The placenta secretes various factors in stage- and cell-specific manners. We have identified a cDNA encoding a novel protein with 124 amino acids, which was named spongiotrophoblast specific protein (SSP). SSP is highly homologous to mouse 4311, showing 81% and 59% similarity at the nucleotide and amino acid levels, respectively. Northern blot analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Pemphigus is a rare life-threatening intractable autoimmune blistering disease caused by IgG autoantibodies to desmogleins. It has been difficult to conduct a double-blind clinical study for pemphigus partly because, in a placebo group, appropriate treatment often must be provided when the disease flares. OBJECTIVE A multicenter, randomized,(More)
Abnormal expression of cell adhesion molecules and related proteins has been observed in various carcinoma cells. We compared expression patterns of desmosomal cadherins, E-cadherin, and cytoplasmic plaque proteins of four different human squamous cell carcinoma cell lines and in vivo squamous cell carcinoma cells with those of normal human keratinocytes.(More)
Here we show that keratinocytes in psoriatic lesional skin express increased Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 that similarly localizes with elevated expression of the cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide LL-37. In culture, normal human keratinocytes exposed to LL-37 increased TLR9 expression. Furthermore, when keratinocytes were exposed to LL-37 and subsequently(More)