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Erythropoietin (EPO) prevents the ischemia-induced delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 field in gerbils. EPO receptor (EPOR) is also expressed in the cerebral cortex but its function is not known. To examine whether EPO has a neuroprotective action in the cortex, EPO was infused into the cerebroventricles of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive(More)
The thalamus degenerates following cerebral infarction in the territory supplied by the middle cerebral artery (MCA), and apoptosis is suspected to be the mechanism of this phenomenon. The author studied the role of the growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible gene (GADD) 153 in this thalamic degeneration. The MCA was occluded in stroke-prone spontaneously(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been shown to have potent neurotrophic activity on peripheral and central neurons in vitro. However, it remains to be determined whether or not IL-6 rescues hippocampal CA1 neurons from lethal ischemia and prevents ischemia-induced learning disability. In the present in vivo study, we infused IL-6 continuously for 7 days into the(More)
It was previously reported that prosaposin possesses neurotrophic activity that is ascribed to an 18-mer peptide comprising the hydrophilic sequence of the rat saposin C domain. To evaluate the effect of the 18-mer peptide on ischemic neuronal damage, the peptide was infused in the left lateral ventricle immediately after occlusion of the left middle(More)
We report an adult onset patient with moyamoya disease showing acute progress after contralateral vascular reconstructive surgery. A 47-year-old female developed cerebral infarction in the left corona radiata. A magnetic resonance (MR) angiography and a cerebral angiogram revealed severe stenosis extending from the terminal portion of left internal carotid(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a risk score that estimates 3-year and 5-year absolute risks for aneurysm growth. METHODS From 10 cohorts of patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms and follow-up imaging, we pooled individual data on sex, population, age, hypertension, history of subarachnoid hemorrhage, and aneurysm location, size, aspect ratio, and shape(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) detected on T2*-weighted MRI gradient-echo have been associated with increased risk of cerebral infarction. We evaluated risk factors for these lesions in a cohort of first-time ischemic stroke patients. METHODS Presence of CMBs in consecutive first-time ischemic stroke patients was evaluated. The location of CMBs(More)
SUMMARY We reported the dural AVF case with sinus stenosis, that was entirely treated through the stenting procedure. 61-year-old male had been realizing the attack which causes bilateral visual problem. He would have suffered from the intracranial hypertension caused by dural AVF in the right transverse sinus and left transverse sinus stenosis.We performed(More)
Dynamic MR imaging provides hemodynamic information about normal and pathologic tissue of the brain. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of dynamic MR imaging in the assessment of tumor vascularity and the tumor tissue blood flow of meningiomas. We studied 13 patients with meningiomas using dynamic spin-echo MR imaging. The histological(More)
The usefulness for evaluation of cerebral hemodynamics using time-resolved projection MRA was studied in normal volunteers and patients of cerebrovascular diseases. Six normal volunteers and ten patients with cerebrovascular occlusive diseases including 6 of IC occlusion and 4 of post EC/IC bypass surgery underwent time-resolved projection MRA on a 1.5 T(More)