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Erythropoietin (EPO) prevents the ischemia-induced delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 field in gerbils. EPO receptor (EPOR) is also expressed in the cerebral cortex but its function is not known. To examine whether EPO has a neuroprotective action in the cortex, EPO was infused into the cerebroventricles of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive(More)
The thalamus degenerates following cerebral infarction in the territory supplied by the middle cerebral artery (MCA), and apoptosis is suspected to be the mechanism of this phenomenon. The author studied the role of the growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible gene (GADD) 153 in this thalamic degeneration. The MCA was occluded in stroke-prone spontaneously(More)
It was previously reported that prosaposin possesses neurotrophic activity that is ascribed to an 18-mer peptide comprising the hydrophilic sequence of the rat saposin C domain. To evaluate the effect of the 18-mer peptide on ischemic neuronal damage, the peptide was infused in the left lateral ventricle immediately after occlusion of the left middle(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been shown to have potent neurotrophic activity on peripheral and central neurons in vitro. However, it remains to be determined whether or not IL-6 rescues hippocampal CA1 neurons from lethal ischemia and prevents ischemia-induced learning disability. In the present in vivo study, we infused IL-6 continuously for 7 days into the(More)
Preoperative thallium-201 (201Tl) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was used to evaluate the histological malignancy in 24 patients with brain tumors. A corrected L/E ratio was calculated based on the ratio of thallium uptake in the tumor on early images versus the tumor in the delayed images (L/E ratio) corrected for thallium uptake in the(More)
In acute stroke, the target of therapy is the severely hypoxic but salvageable tissue. Previous human studies using 18F-fluoromisonidazole and positron emission tomography (18F-FMISO PET) have shown high tracer retention indicative of tissue hypoxia, which had normalized at repeat scan >48 h later. In the only validation study of 18F-FMISO, using ex vivo(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral microbleed (CMB), which is conspicuous on gradient-echo T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, is a risk factor of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). CMBs have been detected even in neurologically healthy persons, who also seem prone to be affected by stroke, not only ICH but also cerebral infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS The presence of(More)
BACKGROUND Given the very poor outcome of ruptured intracranial aneurysms, detection and treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms by a less invasive examination have become important. For this purpose, 3-tesla (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most suitable candidate, owing to its high signal/noise ratio and frequency resolution. However,(More)
We report an adult onset patient with moyamoya disease showing acute progress after contralateral vascular reconstructive surgery. A 47-year-old female developed cerebral infarction in the left corona radiata. A magnetic resonance (MR) angiography and a cerebral angiogram revealed severe stenosis extending from the terminal portion of left internal carotid(More)
BACKGROUND Although rupture of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is closely associated with UIA growth during follow-up, few studies have investigated how UIAs grow during observation. Hypertension appears to affect the formation of intracranial aneurysms. However, few studies have investigated the association of blood pressure variability with UIA(More)