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Previous studies suggested that one or more genes on chromosome 5q21 are responsible for the inheritance of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Gardner's syndrome (GS), and contribute to tumor development in patients with noninherited forms of colorectal cancer. Two genes on 5q21 that are tightly linked to FAP (MCC and APC) were found to be somatically(More)
Thirty-five hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) were analysed by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), to screen for changes in copy-number of DNA sequences. Chromosomal losses were noted in 1p34-36 (37%), 4q12-21 (48%), 5q13-21 (35%), 6q13-16 (23%), 8p21-23 (28%), 13q (20%), 16q (33%) and 17p13 (37%). Gains were(More)
A thin film (50 to 500 angstroms thick) comprising fragments of bacteriorhodopsin (bR)-containing purple membrane was formed on an SnO(2) conductive electrode by the Langmuir-Blodgett method. The film was put into contact with a thin, aqueous electrolyte gel to construct an electrochemical sandwich-type photocell with a junction structure(More)
APCL, a central nervous system-specific sequence homologue of the adenomatous polyposis coli tumor suppressor, can regulate the cytoplasmic level of beta-catenin as the adenomatous polyposis coli tumor suppressor does, but its overall biological function remains unclear. Using a yeast two-hybrid system, we attempted to isolate proteins that might associate(More)
A rational method for constructing highly oriented films of purple membrane (PM) has been established by using two kinds of bispecific antibodies with different antigen-binding sites, one binding to a specific side of bacteriorhodopsin and the other to a phospholipid hapten. A hapten monolayer deposited on a metal electrode was treated with a bispecific(More)
Spent culture medium from the human pancreatic carcinoma cell line HPC-YP, which can propagate in a protein-free, chemically defined medium without any other supplements, was analyzed for the presence of the cysteine protease, cathepsin L. The secreted form of cathepsin L was distinguished from the lysosomal form by its increased stability at alkaline pH,(More)
Four clonal variants of fibrosarcoma cells with differing de gnees of tumonigenicity and intercellular adhesive property have been isolated from a methylcholanthnene-induced tumor produced in inbred Donryu rats. The variant clones G and Z were characterized by an extremely low tumorigenicity in con trast to the high tumonigenicity of the original clone A(More)
Euglena gracilis produces wax ester under hypoxic and anaerobic culture conditions with a net synthesis of ATP. In wax ester fermentation, fatty acids are synthesized by reversing beta-oxidation in mitochondria. A major species of wax ester produced by E. gracilis is myristyl myristate (14:0-14:0Alc). Because of its shorter carbon chain length with(More)
Sensing and processing of optical information have been conducted with a unique bioelectronic image sensor that immobilizes bacteriorhodopsin (bR) as a photosensitive retinal protein. A thin film of bR-containing purple membranes was coated on a two-dimensional pixel array of electrodes and was made into a junction with an electrolyte gel layer having a(More)
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