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Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is an imprinting-related human disease. The frequencies of causative alterations such as loss of methylation (LOM) of KvDMR1, hypermethylation of H19-DMR, paternal uniparental disomy, CDKN1C gene mutation, and chromosome abnormality have been described for North American and European patients, but the corresponding(More)
To elucidate the silencing mechanism of retinoic acid receptor beta2 (RAR beta2) in cervical carcinogenesis, we investigated RAR beta2 expression and the status of both DNA methylation and histone modifications at the promoter in cervical cancer cell lines. RAR beta2 was frequently repressed in cancer cell lines and in primary cancers of the cervix.(More)
Silencing of the O (6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene, a key to DNA repair, is involved in carcinogenesis. Recent studies have focused on DNA hypermethylation of the promoter CpG island. However, cases showing silencing with DNA hypomethylation certainly exist, and the mechanism involved is not elucidated. To clarify this mechanism, we(More)
The mouse Murr1 gene contains an imprinted gene, U2af1-rs1, in its first intron. U2af1-rs1 shows paternal allele-specific expression and is transcribed in the direction opposite to that of the Murr1 gene. In contrast to a previous report of biallelic expression of Murr1 in neonatal mice, we have found that the maternal allele is expressed predominantly in(More)
To clarify the chromatin-based imprinting mechanism of the p57(KIP2)/LIT1 subdomain at chromosome 11p15.5 and the mouse ortholog at chromosome 7F5, we investigated the histone-modification status at a differentially CpG methylated region of Lit1/LIT1 (DMR-Lit1/LIT1), which is an imprinting control region for the subdomain and is demethylated in half of(More)
Human 11p15.5, as well as its orthologous mouse 7F4/F5, is known as the imprinting domain extending from IPL/Ipl to H19. OBPH1 and Obph1 are located beyond the presumed imprinting boundary on the IPL/Ipl side. We determined full-length cDNAs and complete genomic structures of both orthologues. We also investigated their precise imprinting and methylation(More)
Mouse chromosome 7F4/F5, where the imprinting domain is located, is syntenic to human 11p15.5, the locus for Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. The domain is thought to consist of the two subdomains Kip2 (p57(kip2))/Lit1 and Igf2/H19. Because DNA methylation is believed to be a key factor in genomic imprinting, we performed large-scale DNA methylation analysis to(More)
Human MURR1 is an orthologue of mouse Murr1 gene, which was previously reported to be imprinted only in adult brain with a maternal allele-predominant expression and to contain another imprinted gene, U2af1-rs1, in the first intron. Human MURR1 was found not to harbor the U2af1-rs1 orthologue and to be expressed biallelically in tissues, including adult(More)
The putative tumor suppressor CDKN1C is an imprinted gene at 11p15.5, a well-known imprinted region often deleted in tumors. The absence of somatic mutations and the frequent diminished expression in tumors would suggest that CDKN1C expression is regulated epigenetically. It has been, however, controversial whether the diminution is caused by imprinting(More)
MeCP2, a methyl-CpG binding domain (MBD) protein, is known to bind to methylated CpG sites via a conserved MBD, leading to transcriptional repression. However, studies in cell-free system for gene repression and MeCP2 binding have suggested that DNA methylation-independent repression also occurs in living cells. It has been difficult to characterize the(More)