Keiichi Ueda

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Expression of group IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) is documented in the cerebral cortex (CTX) after ischemia, suggesting that sPLA2-IIA is associated with neurodegeneration. However, how sPLA2-IIA is involved in the neurodegeneration remains obscure. To clarify the pathologic role of sPLA2-IIA, we examined its neurotoxicity in rats that had the(More)
Until present, fundamental studies on cortisol secretory patterns have not been conducted in cetaceans. The objectives of this study were: (1) to examine diurnal changes in serum cortisol concentrations in Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins Tursiops aduncus and killer whales Orcinus orca, (2) to investigate annual cortisol changes in killer whales, and (3) to(More)
Mammalian group IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) generates prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) and triggers apoptosis in cortical neurons. However, mechanisms of PGD2 generation and apoptosis have not yet been established. Therefore, we examined how second messengers are involved in the sPLA2-IIA-induced neuronal apoptosis in primary cultures of rat cortical(More)
Group IB secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IB) mediates cell proliferation, cell migration, hormone release and eicosanoid production via its receptor in peripheral tissues. In the CNS, high-affinity binding sites of sPLA2-IB have been documented. However, it remains obscure whether sPLA2-IB causes biologic or pathologic response in the CNS. To this end, we(More)
In primary cultures of rat cortical neurons, group IB secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IB) induced cell death. In rat cortical membranes, there were high affinity binding sites of [125I]sPLA(2)-IB. The high-affinity binding sites were decreased by sPLA(2)-IB and anti-sPLA(2) receptor immunoglobulin G (anti-sPLA(2)R IgG). Furthermore, anti-sPLA(2)R IgG(More)
Endothelin (ET), a vasoconstrictive peptide, acts as an anti-apoptotic factor, and endothelin receptor B (ET(B) receptor) is associated with neuronal survival in the brain. In the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, accumulation of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) is thought to cause neuronal cell death via apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated effects(More)
Catecholamines (CAs), namely adrenaline (A), noradrenaline (NA), and dopamine (DA), are secreted by the sympathoadrenal system and participate in a diverse array of functions, e.g., heat production, cardiovascular regulation, stress response and so on. However, little is known regarding peripheral CA fluctuations in cetaceans; nevertheless aquatic animals(More)
Amyloid beta protein (Abeta)- and human group IIA secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IIA)-induced neuronal cell death have been established as in vitro models for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and stroke. Both sPLA(2)-IIA and Abeta causes neuronal apoptosis by increasing the influx of Ca(2+) through L-type voltage-sensitive Ca(2+) channel (L-VSCC). In the(More)
Secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) exhibits neurotoxicity in the central nervous system. There are high-affinity binding sites of the porcine pancreatic group IB sPLA(2) (sPLA(2)-IB) in the brain. sPLA(2)-IB causes neuronal cell death via apoptosis in the rat cerebral cortex. Although apoptosis is triggered by an influx of Ca(2+) into neurons, it has(More)
15-Deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2) is an endogenous ligand for a nuclear peroxysome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPAR). We found novel binding sites of 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 in the neuronal plasma membranes of the cerebral cortex. The binding sites of [3H]15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 were displaced by 15d-Delta12,14-PGJ2 with a(More)