Keiichi Ueda

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Expression of group IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) is documented in the cerebral cortex (CTX) after ischemia, suggesting that sPLA2-IIA is associated with neurodegeneration. However, how sPLA2-IIA is involved in the neurodegeneration remains obscure. To clarify the pathologic role of sPLA2-IIA, we examined its neurotoxicity in rats that had the(More)
A general consensus exists that the presynaptic terminals in the hippocampal CA1 area are resistant to ischemic stress in spite of the loss of their target cells (CA1 pyramidal neurons). We have verified this by immunostaining and Western immunoblotting using the antibodies for presynaptic proteins, synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) and(More)
Mammalian group IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) generates prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) and triggers apoptosis in cortical neurons. However, mechanisms of PGD2 generation and apoptosis have not yet been established. Therefore, we examined how second messengers are involved in the sPLA2-IIA-induced neuronal apoptosis in primary cultures of rat cortical(More)
Amyloid beta protein (Abeta)- and human group IIA secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IIA)-induced neuronal cell death have been established as in vitro models for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and stroke. Both sPLA(2)-IIA and Abeta causes neuronal apoptosis by increasing the influx of Ca(2+) through L-type voltage-sensitive Ca(2+) channel (L-VSCC). In the(More)
Group IB secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IB) mediates cell proliferation, cell migration, hormone release and eicosanoid production via its receptor in peripheral tissues. In the CNS, high-affinity binding sites of sPLA2-IB have been documented. However, it remains obscure whether sPLA2-IB causes biologic or pathologic response in the CNS. To this end, we(More)
In primary cultures of rat cortical neurons, group IB secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IB) induced cell death. In rat cortical membranes, there were high affinity binding sites of [125I]sPLA(2)-IB. The high-affinity binding sites were decreased by sPLA(2)-IB and anti-sPLA(2) receptor immunoglobulin G (anti-sPLA(2)R IgG). Furthermore, anti-sPLA(2)R IgG(More)
Secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) exhibits neurotoxicity in the central nervous system. There are high-affinity binding sites of the porcine pancreatic group IB sPLA(2) (sPLA(2)-IB) in the brain. sPLA(2)-IB causes neuronal cell death via apoptosis in the rat cerebral cortex. Although apoptosis is triggered by an influx of Ca(2+) into neurons, it has(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) levels are elevated in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), suggesting an involvement of PGE(2) in the neurodegeneration. AD is characterized by deposits of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) in various regions of the brain, e.g. the cerebral cortex. In the present study, we investigated the effects of PGE(2) on(More)
Amyloid beta protein (Abeta) deposits are found in the striatum of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) showing extrapyramidal motor dysfunction, but neuronal cell loss has not yet been detected. To clarify how Abeta impairs motor function, we analyzed intrastriatally Abeta-injected rats. Unilateral injection of Abeta(25-35) enhanced apomorphine-induced(More)
We conducted an ultrasonographic experiment on a pregnant manta ray, Manta alfredi (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea). This study showed how the embryo of the live-bearing elasmobranchs respires in the body of the female. In the embryonic stage, the manta ray embryo takes in uterine fluid by buccal-pumping. After birth, the manta ray shifts its respiratory mode(More)