Keiichi Torimitsu

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1. In Mg(2+)-free external solution, rat cortical neurons in cultured networks entered a stable firing mode, consisting of regular bursts of action potentials superimposed on long-lasting depolarizations. The average separation between bursts varied from culture to culture, but was usually between 5 and 20 s. The distribution of burst intervals followed a(More)
The capability for multisite stimulation is one of the biggest potential advantages of microelectrode arrays (MEAs). There remain, however, several technical problems which have hindered the development of a practical stimulation system. An important design goal is to allow programmable multisite stimulation, which produces minimal interference with(More)
The ATP-gated P2X(4) receptor is a cation channel, which is important in various pathophysiological events. The architecture of the P2X(4) receptor in the activated state and how to change its structure in response to ATP binding are not fully understood. Here, we analyze the architecture and ATP-induced structural changes in P2X(4) receptors using(More)
We have examined the stimulation and recording properties of conjugated polymer microelectrode arrays as interfaces with neural networks of dissociated cortical cells. In particular the stimulation properties were investigated as a means of supplying a neural network with information. The stimulation efficiency at low stimulation voltages was evaluated and(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptor (IP(3)R) acts as a ligand-gated channel that mediates neuronal signals by releasing Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum. The three-dimensional (3D) structure of tetrameric IP(3)R has been demonstrated by using electron microscopy (EM) with static specimens; however, the dynamic aspects of the IP(3)R structure(More)
The origin of the 0.1 Hz bursting of cultured rat cortical neurons in zero Mg2+ was studied by whole-cell recording, fluo-3 Ca2+ imaging, and multi-unit electrode array recording. A model is proposed in which spontaneous synaptic currents act as a random pacemaker.
Dissociated culture of adult mouse dorsal root ganglion cells on glass plates, on which grating-associated microstructures (a repetition of microgrooves [mGRV] and microsteps [mSTP] of 0.1-10 micron) are fabricated by the conventional lithographic techniques, represents a remarkable bi-directional growth of their nerve fibers in the axial direction of the(More)
The laser trapping technique combined with near-infrared Raman (NIR) spectroscopy was used for the analysis of single cellular organelles in the nanometer range. The samples were synaptosomes, nerve-ending particles (about 500-700 nm in diameter) isolated from a neuron in a rat brain, dispersed in the phosphate buffer solution. The NIR laser Raman trapping(More)
Mg2+ plays an important role in biological functions, similar to that of Ca2+. In terms of neural activity, it is well known that Mg2+ blocks the NMDA receptor. However, the relationship between Mg2+ and neural function has not been well understood. We have investigated the effect of low extracellular Mg2+ concentration ([Mg2+]o) on neural activity in rat(More)