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Specific inhibitors of hyaluronan (HA) biosynthesis can be valuable therapeutic agents to prevent cancer invasion and metastasis. We have found previously that 4-methylumbelliferone (MU) inhibits HA synthesis in human skin fibroblasts and in group C Streptococcus. In this paper, the inhibition mechanism in mammalian cells was investigated using rat 3Y1(More)
In the present study the complete amino acid sequence of human plasma Zn-alpha 2-glycoprotein was determined. This protein whose biological function is unknown consists of a single polypeptide chain of 276 amino acid residues including 8 tryptophan residues and has a pyroglutamyl residue at the amino terminus. The location of the two disulfide bonds in the(More)
The structure of 4-methylumbelliferone (MU) consists of coumarin with 4-methyl group and 7-hydroxy group. MU inhibits HA synthesis and pericellular HA matrix formation. In this study, we used 10 MU derivatives which have hydroxy groups and methyl groups at various positions of coumarin to investigate a more effective HA inhibitor than MU. First, human(More)
The effects of xylosyl-beta-D-(4-methylumbelliferone) and its aglycone, 4-methylumbelliferone, on hyaluronic acid synthesis were investigated in cultured human skin fibroblasts. Xylosyl-beta-D-(4-methylumbelliferone) added to the medium of cultured cell reduced the synthesis of hyaluronic acid. Furthermore, 4-methylumbelliferone reduced the production of(More)
Oligosaccharides from hyaluronic acid and chondroitin 6-sulfate were prepared by digestion with testicular hyaluronidase and separated according to their degree of polymerization by gel-permeation chromatography. These materials were successively analyzed by negative-mode ion-spray mass spectrometry with an atmospheric-pressure ion source. An ion-spray(More)
Glycosaminoglycan chains were liberated from proteoglycans (bovine lung, tracheal cartilage, and cerebrum) by successive digestion with actinase and with cellulase from Aspergillus niger, which has endo-beta-xylosidase activity. The glycosaminoglycan chains were fluorescence-labeled with 2-aminopyridine after digestion with Streptomyces hyaluronidase. The(More)
We report the cloning and characterization of two isoforms of human alpha 1c-adrenoceptor cDNA (alpha 1c-2, alpha 1c-3). These isoforms are generated by alternative splicing and differ from the clone we previously isolated (alpha 1c-1) in their length and sequences of the C-terminal domain. Tissue distribution of mRNAs showed that these variants co-express(More)
Prognostic factors for breast cancer include axillary lymph node status, tumor size, histology, nuclear grade, presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors, HER2/neu status, and mean microvessel density (MVD). In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of a new marker, D2-40, by investigating lymph vascular invasion of the tumor immunohistochemically in(More)
The reconstruction of glycosaminoglycan chains using the transglycosylation reaction of testicular hyaluronidase was investigated. First, the optimal conditions for the transglycosylation reaction catalyzed by the enzyme were determined by incubation with the enzyme, using hyaluronic acid (M(r) = 800,000) as a donor and pyridylaminated hyaluronic acid(More)
4-Methylumbelliferone (MU) inhibits the cell surface hyaluronan (HA) formation, and that such inhibition results in suppression of adhesion and locomotion of cultured melanoma cells. Here, we examine the effect of MU on melanoma cell metastasis in vivo. MU-treated melanoma cells showed both decreased cell surface HA formation and suppression of liver(More)