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This paper discusses the necessity of a good methodology for the development of reliable software, especialy with respect to the final software validation and testing activities. A formal specification development and validation methodology is proposed. This methodology has been applied to the development and validation of a pilot software, incorporating(More)
Genetic improvement of the reproductive performance of pigs is important for pig breeding despite their low heritabilities. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effectiveness of selection concerning reproductive traits and to determine the optimal number of parity records required for accurate estimation of breeding values (BVs) in the open(More)
Although our previous report demonstrated that adiponectin and AdipoR1 gene expressions changed among different lactation stages in the bovine mammary gland, its in vivo kinetics remain unclear in ruminant animals. In this study, we investigated the changes in circulating concentrations of adiponectin, as well as other metabolic hormones and metabolites,(More)
To understand the relationship between intramuscular adipogenesis in the pig and the supply fatty acids, we established a clonal porcine intramuscular preadipocyte (PIP) line from the marbling muscle tissue of female Duroc pig. Confluent PIP cells exhibited a fibroblastic appearance. Their adipogenic ability was investigated using confluent PIP cells after(More)
The leptin receptor (LEPR) gene is considered a candidate gene for fatness traits. It is located on SSC 6 in a region in which quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for backfat thickness (BF), fat area ratios, and serum leptin concentration (LEPC) have previously been detected in a Duroc purebred population. The objectives of the present study were to identify(More)
To investigate the effects of bovine growth hormone (bGH) gene polymorphism on carcass traits and fatty acid compositions in Japanese Black cattle caused by nucleotide substitution of CTG (allele A)/GTG (allele B) at codon 127 and of ACG (allele A and B)/ATG (allele C) at codon 172 of bGH, GH genotypes of 135 cattle were determined using allele(More)
The mutation spectrum, together with mutation frequency, is decisive for the size and nature of genetic diversity. We constructed plasmid-encoded probes for specific detection of each and all of the six base substitutions. Using the set of the probes, we analyzed the mutation spectrumon the plasmids caused by different types of mutagens and mutator(More)
In pig production, dietary additive antibiotics are usually used for growth stimulation and disease prevention, although there is public concern about the increased incidence of resistant antibiotics and food safety. It is possible that such antibiotics might be replaced by naturally derived products such as seaweed and licorice. In this study, we evaluated(More)
The thoracic vertebral number is associated with body length and carcass traits, and represents one of the most important traits in the pig industry. Recent studies have shown that vertnin (VRTN) gene is associated with variations in the vertebral number in commercial European pigs. However, the genetic relationships and effect of this VRTN gene in pig(More)
We previously identified quantitative trait loci for body weight and average daily gain in a common region between MCW0240 (chr 4: 69.9 Mb) and ABR0622 (chr 4: 86.3 Mb) on chicken chromosome 4 in an F2 resource population produced by crossing low- and high-growth lines of the Hinai-dori breed. Cholecystokinin type A receptor (CCKAR) is a candidate gene(More)