Keiichi Okazaki

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To perform comparative studies of CR (clubroot resistance) loci in Brassica oleracea and Brassica rapa and to develop marker-assisted selection in B. oleracea, we constructed a B. oleracea map, including specific markers linked to CR genes of B. rapa. We also analyzed CR-QTLs using the mean phenotypes of F3 progenies from the cross of a resistant(More)
The FLC gene product is an inhibitor of flowering in Arabidopsis. FLC homologs in Brassica species are thought to control vernalization. We cloned four FLC homologs (BoFLCs) from Brassica oleracea. Three of these, BoFLC1, BoFLC3 and BoFLC5, have been previously characterized. The fourth novel sequence displayed 98% sequence homology to the previously(More)
Phylogenetic relationships among 55 species of Lilium, Cardiocrinum giganteum, and Nomocharis saluenensis were inferred from nucleotide sequence variations in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of 18S–25S nuclear ribosomal DNA. The phylogeny derived from ITS sequences estimated using maximum-likelihood methods indicated that (1) most of the(More)
Triploid tulips have agronomically desirable traits such as vigorous growth and large flower size, but only a portion of all cultivated tulips is triploid. To apply 2n pollen to polyploid breeding of tulips, the polyploidizing agent, nitrous oxide gas (N2O), was applied to bulbs. In tulips, meiosis in anthers occurs inside the bulbs from mid- to(More)
Tetraploid varieties of lilies have superior agronomic traits such as large flowers and resistance to physiological disorders. In the present study, we attempted to induce 2n pollen of Asiatic hybrid lilies by arresting the meiotic process with nitrous oxide (N2O) gas. To determine which meiotic stage is optimal for induction of 2n pollen, plants with(More)
Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. conglutinans is one of the most important diseases of Brassica crops, resulting in severe reductions in yield and quality. To characterize the inheritance pattern of fusarium resistance, a cross between a susceptible broccoli and a resistant cabbage was subjected to segregation analysis. Results indicated(More)
Nitrous oxide gas (N2O) can be used to produce polyploid plants, but the mechanism of action is unknown. The actin and microtubule cytoskeleton was observed in N2O-treated microsporocytes of Lilium spp ‘Asiatic hybrid lilies’ using fluorescence microscopy after staining with DAPI, FITC-conjugated tubulin antibody, and phalloidin-conjugated Alexa Fluor 546.(More)
The determinants of recognition specificity of self-incompatibility in Brassica are SRK in the stigma and SP11/SCR in the pollen, both of which are encoded in the S locus. The nucleotide sequence analyses of many SRK and SP11/SCR alleles have identified several interspecific pairs of S haplotypes having highly similar sequences between B. oleracea and B.(More)
Southern hybridization and genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) have demonstrated that ‘Purissima’ (2n = 2x = 24) is an interspecific hybrid comprised of one genome of Tulipa (T.) gesneriana and one genome of T. fosteriana. Backcrossing T. gesneriana with ‘Purissima’ was partially successful. Simultaneous GISH and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)(More)
Reciprocal pollination was made between Lilium nobilissimum and L. regale. Pollen tubes reached the base of style within 144 h after pollination, but no mature seeds were obtained in either cross combination. Explants, or ovules-with-placental-tissue excised from each carpel 30 and 40 days after pollination (DAP), were cultured on a medium composed of major(More)