Keiichi Obayashi

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To compare the change in nitric oxide (NO) metabolism in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in different clinical stages, such as exacerbation, remission, and 1-2 months after methylpredonisolone administration, we measured the nitrite and nitrate (NO2-/NO3-) levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In the extreme stage of MS exacerbation, those levels(More)
To verify the presence of lipid peroxidation products in spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD), the cerebella from eight patients with olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) and six non-OPCA patients were immunohistochemically investigated with 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) antibody. On average, 84.6% of Purkinje cells were positively or strongly positively(More)
  • T Yamashita, Y Ando, S Okamoto, Y Misumi, T Hirahara, M Ueda +7 others
  • 2012
OBJECTIVE Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP), which is a fatal disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, is characterized by systemic accumulation of polymerized transthyretin (TTR) in the peripheral nerves and systemic organs. Liver transplantation has become an accepted treatment of this disorder because it stops the major production of(More)
  • T Yamashita, Y Ando, M Ueda, M Nakamura, S Okamoto, M E Zeledon +7 others
  • 2008
OBJECTIVE Patients with amyloidogenic transthyretin (ATTR) Tyr114Cys develop amyloid deposits in cerebral blood vessels, cerebral hemorrhage, and rapidly progressive dementia that presents with hereditary cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). However, no treatment has been identified for CAA. Although liver transplantation has become an acceptable treatment of(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the pathogenesis of leptomeningeal amyloidosis in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy amyloidogenic transthyretin Y114C (FAP ATTR Y114C). METHODS The authors analyzed eight FAP ATTR Y114C patients. Six patients showed CNS symptoms associated with leptomeningeal amyloidosis. To examine the function of the blood-CSF barrier and(More)
Since 1990, liver transplantation for familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) has been carried out world-wide, and the outcome of the procedure seems to be promising. FAP is inherited systemic disease caused by mutated transthyretin. The most common cause is the valine to methionine substitution at position 30 (Met30). We have developed a scoring system(More)
Two patients with amyloidosis caused by transthyretin (TTR) were investigated by immunohistopathologic, mass spectrometric, and molecular genetic methods. After confirming the immunoreactivity of TTR in the amyloid deposits using anti-TTR polyclonal antibody, a new method: centrifugal concentration and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was(More)
To detect the variant transthyretin (TTR; Met30) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) patients, we have applied a new method using a centrifugal concentrator device and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Only 100 microl of CSF and 30 microl of the antibody for TTR was needed for the analysis. After(More)
Visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability is an important predictor of stroke. However, which antihypertensive drug combination is better at reducing visit-to-visit BP variability and therefore at reducing stroke incidence remains uncertain. We have previously reported that the dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker benidipine combined with a(More)