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Central neurocytoma was first described by Hassoun et al. in 1982. The tumor is a rare benign tumor of the central nervous system, usually located in the lateral ventricles. Most reported cases are histologically and clinically benign. Several cases with recurrence have been described. Including the case presented here, only seven cases with craniospinal(More)
PURPOSE To determine how the omission of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) affects the neurocognitive function of patients with one to four brain metastases who have been treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS AND MATERIALS In a prospective randomized trial between WBRT+SRS and SRS alone for patients with one to four brain metastases, we(More)
OBJECT The authors reviewed their 14-year experience using stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of hemangioblastomas and define the role and the proper strategy for radiosurgery of this condition. METHODS This is a retrospective study of 38 hemangioblastomas in 13 patients. Seven patients had von Hippel-Lindau disease. All patients have undergone(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the usefulness of dose volume histogram (DVH) factors for predicting the occurrence of radiation pneumonitis (RP) after application of stereotactic radiation therapy (SRT) for lung tumors, DVH factors were measured before irradiation. METHODS From May 2004 to April 2006, 25 patients were treated with SRT at the University of Tokyo(More)
INTRODUCTION The abscopal effect is the effect of radiation therapy at a site distant to the area of irradiation. This is not a common event and has not been clearly defined, resulting in few reported cases in the literature. We discuss this phenomenon in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION A 63-year-old Japanese man underwent(More)
PURPOSE To determine the risk factors of severe radiation pneumonitis (RP) after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for primary or secondary lung tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2003 to March 2009, SBRT was performed on 117 patients (32 patients before 2005 and 85 patients after 2006) with lung tumors (primary = 74 patients and(More)
Changes in blood cytokines of 28, consenting, terminally ill cancer patients were studied to determine a relationship between cachexia and changes in cytokine levels. Levels of PTHrP and five types of cytokines considered to be associated with cachexia, TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, IFNgamma and LIF, were measured during routine blood examination and were(More)
We examined whether Ca2+ channel blockers inhibit the activation of the Ca2+-dependent phosphatase calcineurin and the development of cardiac hypertrophy in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). We randomly divided 12-week-old SHR into three groups, one each receiving vehicle, bolus injection or continuous infusion of nifedipine (10 mg/kg/day) from 12 to(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to compare dose distributions from three different algorithms with the x-ray Voxel Monte Carlo (XVMC) calculations, in actual computed tomography (CT) scans for use in stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) of small lung cancers. METHODS Slow CT scan of 20 patients was performed and the internal target volume (ITV) was(More)
We propose a clinical workflow of stereotactic volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) for a lung tumor from planning to tumor position verification using 4D planning computed tomography (CT) and 4D cone-beam CT (CBCT). A 4D CT scanner, an Anzai belt and a BodyFix were employed to obtain 10-phase respiratory-correlated CT data for a lung patient under(More)