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Mechanosensory channels of sensory cells mediate the sensations of hearing, touch, and some forms of pain. The TRPA1 (a member of the TRP family of ion channel proteins) channel is activated by pain-producing chemicals, and its inhibition impairs hair cell mechanotransduction. As shown here and previously, TRPA1 is expressed by hair cells as well as by most(More)
Neurons with the capacity to discharge at high rates--'fast-spiking' (FS) neurons--are critical participants in central motor and sensory circuits. It is widely accepted that K+ channels with Kv3.1 or Kv3.2 subunits underlie fast, delayed-rectifier (DR) currents that endow neurons with this FS ability. Expression of these subunits in heterologous systems,(More)
The effects of riluzole, a neuroprotective drug, on high voltage-activated (HVA) calcium channels of rat dorsal root ganglion neurons were studied using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Riluzole inhibited HVA calcium channel currents in a dose-dependent, time-dependent and reversible manner. The apparent dissociation constants for riluzole inhibition(More)
Type I and type II pyrethroids and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) are known to modulate the sodium channel to cause the hyperexcitatory symptoms of poisoning in animals. However, since the degrees to which neuronal sodium channel parameters are altered differ, a question is raised as to whether these insecticides bind to the same site in the sodium(More)
Fluctuations in the receptor current of the labellar sugar receptor of the fleshfly were analyzed. The receptor current was recorded extracellularly as a drop in potential between the tip and the base of the taste sensillum. After treatment with tetrodotoxin, the taste cells completely lost their impulses but retained their receptor currents, thus(More)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are attracting attention from various research areas including physiology, pharmacology and toxicology. Our group has focused on TRPA1 channels and revealed their expression pattern, ion channel kinetics and pharmacological characteristics. From Integrated Pest Management point of view, TRP channels could be a(More)
Severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI) is characterized by intractable febrile and afebrile seizures, severe mental decline, and onset during the first year of life. Nonsense, frameshift, and missense mutations of SCN1A gene encoding the voltage-gated Na(+) channel alpha-subunit type I (Na(v)1.1) have been identified in patients with SMEI. Here, we(More)
The effects of riluzole, a neuroprotective drug, on tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) and tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) sodium channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons were studied using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. At the resting potential, riluzole preferentially blocked TTX-S sodium channels, whereas at more negative potentials, it blocked(More)
BACKGROUND It is well established that neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are sensitive to inhalational anesthetics. The authors previously reported that halothane potently blocked alpha4beta2-type nAChRs of rat cortical neurons. However, the effect of isoflurane, which is widely used clinically, on nAChRs largely remains to be seen. The(More)
Whereas a variety of neuroreceptors and ion channels have been demonstrated to be affected by ethanol including GABAA receptors, NMDA receptors, non-NMDA glutamate receptors, 5-HT3 receptors and voltage-gated calcium channels, neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nnAChRs) have recently emerged as a new target site of ethanol. The nnAChRs are(More)