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Older patients with chronic hepatitis C have a lower virological response to interferon (IFN) treatment compared to younger patients. The efficacy of telaprevir (TVR) and PEG-IFN plus ribavirin combination therapy and the predictive value of recently identified IFN lambda (IFNL) 4 polymorphisms on the outcome of therapy for older patients have not been(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The prevalence of fatty liver underscores the need for non-invasive characterization of steatosis, such as the ultrasound based controlled attenuation parameter (CAP). Despite good diagnostic accuracy, clinical use of CAP is limited due to uncertainty regarding optimal cut-offs and the influence of covariates. We therefore conducted an(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM It has been reported about poor prognosis in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) refractory to hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC). We assessed the survival benefits of sorafenib therapy for advanced HCC in HAIC refractory patients. METHODS The study subjects were 191 patients with advanced HCC who had been(More)
AIM Polymorphisms in the ITPA gene influence anemia during peg-interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) therapy, but their effects during triple therapy with simeprevir, PEG-IFN, and RBV are not sufficiently known. METHODS We analyzed 212 patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C, who were treated with simeprevir plus PEG-IFN/RBV triple therapy, and(More)
We describe a 43-yr-old woman with fulminant hepatic failure whose progress was monitored scintigraphically using 99m-Tc-galactosyl-human serum albumin (99mTc-GSA). On admission, the liver was atrophic and the heart was delineated distinctly by scintigraphy with 99m-Tc-GSA. The receptor index, calculated by dividing the radioactivity of the liver region of(More)
The kidney, by regulating the volume of fluid in the body, plays a key role in regulating blood pressure (BP). The kidney uses primarily sodium and, to a lesser extent, urea to maintain the appropriate volume of fluid. Genetic variation in proteins that determine sodium reabsorption and excretion is known to significantly influence BP. However, the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS To compare the tumor control and safety of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for small, solitary, and hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with TACE alone. METHODS Three hundred and sixty-five HCC patients who had solitary, ≤ 3 cm, and hypervascular nodule(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the risk factors for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following successful eradication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) with interferon (IFN) therapy in a long-term, large-scale cohort study. METHODS We reviewed 1094 consecutive patients with HCV who achieved sustained virological response (SVR) following IFN therapy(More)