Keiichi Himuro

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PURPOSE To evaluate O-(2-[18F]fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine (18F-FET) uptake in mouse malignant thymoma (EL4), and its biodistribution in mice and humans. MATERIAL AND METHODS First, 18F-FET uptake in EL4 cells was examined in an in vitro study. Second, the kinetics of 18F-FET uptake and its biodistribution were examined in mice after subcutaneous injection of(More)
A 51-year-old man inhaled sarin during a terrorist attack on the Tokyo subway system and died 15 months later. Neuropathologic examination revealed marked nerve fiber decrease in the sural nerve, moderate nerve fiber loss in the sciatic nerve, and unremarkable dorsal root ganglia, dorsal roots, and posterior column of the spinal cord. This pathology is(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmunological inflammatory disorder of the neuromuscular junction. Inflammation could be a key player for understanding the pathogenesis of MG. We measured the serum levels of 24 inflammatory cytokines in 43 patients with anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody-positive MG and 25 healthy controls. In patients with MG, serum(More)
OBJECTIVE High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) functions as an inflammatory mediator and is implicated in the pathogenesis of various autoimmune diseases. Our primary aim is to determine whether HMGB1 is involved in the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS Serum HMGB1 levels of 60 patients with anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody-positive(More)
Anterior pituitary function in 23 patients (16 men and 7 women, aged 27 to 68) with isolated ACTH deficiency was analyzed. Four were our own cases while the other 19 cases were ascertained by questionnaire. Both the baseline TSH levels and the peak TSH responses to TRH were high before treatment in more than half the cases but were normalized after(More)
The differential susceptibility of skeletal muscle by myasthenia gravis (MG) is not well understood. We utilized RNA expression profiling of extraocular muscle (EOM), diaphragm (DIA), and extensor digitorum (EDL) of rats with experimental autoimmune MG (EAMG) to evaluate the hypothesis that muscles respond differentially to injury produced by EAMG. EAMG was(More)
Although immunosuppressive effects of antiepileptic drug are well known, serious complications of antiepileptic drug are rare. We report a case of hypogammaglobulinemia associated with aplasia of B lymphocytes after carbamazepine treatment. Despite repeated intravenous immunoglobulin replacement therapy, this condition persisted for more than three months.(More)
Thymectomy is an effective treatment for myasthenia gravis (MG). However, there is limited data on its effectiveness in non-thymomatous late-onset MG (LOMG). The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of thymectomy in LOMG. We retrospectively reviewed the 2-year post-thymectomy prognosis in 39 consecutive patients with non-thymomatous,(More)