Keiichi Higuchi

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The Shumiya cataract rat (SCR) is a hereditary cataractous strain. It is thought that the continuous occurrence of poorly differentiated epithelial cells at the bow area of the lens forms the pathophysiological basis for cataract formation in SCRs. In this study, we attempted to identify the genes associated with cataract formation in SCRs by positional(More)
The whole genome scan for quantitative trait loci (QTLs) specifying peak bone mass was performed with the F2 intercrosses of SAMP6, an established murine model of senile osteoporosis, exhibiting a significantly lower peak bone mass, and SAMP2, exhibiting a higher peak bone mass. Cortical thickness index (CTI), a parameter of bone mass of femurs, was(More)
Age-related changes in the brain transfer of blood-borne horseradish peroxidase (HRP) were examined by light microscopy in senescence-accelerated prone mice (SAMP8) and senescence-accelerated resistant mice (SAMR1). The intracerebral HRP transferred from the blood stream was reacted with tetramethyl benzidine (TMB) and the area showing the presence of(More)
Murine senile [apolipoprotein A-II amyloid (AApoAII)] and reactive [protein A amyloid (AA)] amyloidosis are reported to be transmissible diseases via a seeding mechanism similar to that observed in the prion-associated disorders, although de novo amyloidogenesis and the progression of AApoAII or AA amyloidosis remain unclear. We examined the effect of(More)
Preformed amyloid fibrils accelerate conformational changes of amyloid precursor proteins and result in rapid extension of amyloid fibrils in vitro. We injected various kinds of amyloid fibrils into mice with amyloidogenic apoAII gene (Apoa2(C)). The most severe amyloid depositions were detected in the tissues of mice injected with mouse AApoAII(C) amyloid(More)
AApoAII amyloid fibrils have exhibited prion-like transmissibility in mouse senile amyloidosis. We have demonstrated that AApoAII is extremely active and can induce amyloidosis following doses less than 1 pg. We tested physical and chemical methods to disrupt AApoAII fibrils in vitro as determined by thioflavin T binding and electron microscopy (EM) as well(More)
Our present study reveals significant decelerating effects on senescence processes in middle-aged SAMP1 mice supplemented for 6 or 14 months with the reduced form (Q(10)H(2), 500 mg/kg BW/day) of coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)). To unravel molecular mechanisms of these CoQ(10) effects, a genome-wide transcript profiling in liver, heart, brain and kidney of SAMP1(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) J, abundant in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), is known to play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, the mechanism remains obscure. To characterize the apoJ-containing lipoproteins in CSF, we compared the distribution of apoJ in CSF lipoprotein partides with those of apoE and apoAI. CSF lipoproteins (fractionated(More)
Experimental mouse AA amyloidosis can be transmissible by dietary ingestion of amyloid fibrils and it is well known that AA amyloidosis occasionally develops in aged cattle. Bovine liver and intestine have conventionally been used in Oriental foods, and the incidence of visceral AA amyloidosis in slaughtered cattle was evaluated. Renal tissues from 302 aged(More)
Amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis is one of the principal causes of morbidity and mortality in captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), which are in danger of extinction. For practical conservation of this species, therefore, it is critical to elucidate the etiology of AA amyloidosis, especially to understand the mechanisms of transcriptional regulation of serum(More)