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Detailed examinations were performed in ten temporal muscles from five cadavers to identify the muscle bundle arrangements of the temporalis and their innervation. Three additional muscle bundles were clearly observed in the main part of the fan-shaped temporalis: the anteromedial, anterolateral, and mid-lateral muscle bundles. Based on the origins,(More)
Microfluorometry with fura-2 was applied to study the action of the anticonvulsant (+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801) on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in cultured mouse hippocampal neurons. MK-801 caused a potent and long-lasting blockade of the(More)
During examination of the positional relationships between the lateral pterygoid and the temporalis muscles and the innervating nerves, an aberrant muscle was observed in three of 66 head halves. The aberrant muscle originated from the medial surface of the anteromedial muscle bundle of the temporalis (Shimokawa et al. 1998, Surg. Radiol. Anat. 20:329-334)(More)
We have manipulated the chick limb bud by dorsoventrally inverting the ectoderm, by grafting the AER to the dorsal or ventral ectoderm and by insertion of an FGF-4 soaked heparin bead into the mesoderm. After dorso-ventral reversal of the ectoderm, Wnt-7a expression is autonomous from an early stage of limb development in the original dorsal ectoderm.(More)
The morphogenesis of fungiform papillae occurs in a stereotyped pattern on the dorsal surface of the tongue in mice from embryonic day 12 (E12) to E17. The histological results and ultrastructural observations showed the development of specific structures in the epithelium into fungiform papillae. Prior to the morphological changes, the Bmp-4 and Shh(More)
We carried out detailed dissections of the branches of the mandibular nerve and muscles innervated by these branches to investigate their positional relationships. We made the following observations: 1) small branch of the auriculotemporal nerve penetrated the lateral pterygoid muscle; 2) the entire lingual nerve penetrated the medial pterygoid muscle; and(More)
The pes anserinus is composed of a combination of tendinous insertions of the sartorius, gracilis and semitendinosus muscles. Precise knowledge of the structures on the medial side of the knee and the relationships between fascia and tendons is critical for diagnosis, surgery, and the development of improved operative procedures of the knee. To obtain(More)
The manner of innervation of the obturator internus, superior and inferior gemelli, and the quadratus femoris in humans (101 pelvic halves) and in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta: 8 pelvic halves) were investigated. In most specimens, the inferior gemellus originated from the lateral surface of the ischial tuberosity and also from the medial surface(More)
The dorsal surface of the mammalian tongue is covered with four kinds of papillae, fungiform, circumvallate, foliate and filiform papillae. With the exception of the filiform papillae, these types of papillae contain taste buds and are known as the gustatory papillae. The gustatory papillae are distributed over the tongue surface in a distinct spatial(More)
In order to clarify the nature of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in cerebellum, where heterogeneity of the NMDA receptor has been suggested, we investigated the action of MK-801 on the NMDA-induced [Ca2+]i rise in cultured cerebellar neurons using video-assisted microfluorometry. MK-801 caused a potent and selective blockade of the NMDA-activated(More)