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The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research developed the Japanese Osteoporosis Quality of Life Questionnaire (JOQOL) to evaluate the disease-specific Health-Related QOL, which is specific for osteoporosis of Japanese patients. JOQOL was revised in 2000; it consisted of 38 items with the scale graded from 0 to 4 and a total full score of 152. To(More)
BACKGROUND Just two years after its inception, Japan's Long-term Care (LTC) insurance system is facing considerable criticism about whether or not it has developed a fair and appropriate way of allocating resources to the nation's disabled elderly population, especially those people with dementia. OBJECTIVE The present study has investigated: (i) the(More)
This study was aimed at confirming the cross-validity and construct validity of the short version of the Japanese version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (J-ZBI_8) developed by Arai and colleagues. A total of 169 family members caring for disabled elderly were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire which included the Japanese version of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify predictors for depression among family caregivers of community-dwelling older people under the Long Term Care Insurance (LTCI) program in Japan through a large-scale population-based survey. METHOD All 5938 older people with disabilities, using domiciliary services under the LTCI in the city of Toyama, and their family caregivers(More)
Since the 1970s, the burden of caregiving has been the subject of rather intense study, a trend that will continue with the rapid graying of populations worldwide. Since the Long-Term Care insurance system began in 2000, few cross-sectional studies have attempted to identify factors related to the feelings of burden among caregivers looking after the(More)
It is necessary and important to quantify the handicap sustained by individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI); however, few instruments are available to measure the level of the disability. One of the best developed and most often used measures is the Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART). Nevertheless, a Japanese version has not yet(More)
BACKGROUND Relatively few observational studies have been conducted on the impact of home care services on burden or other aspects of the caregiver's experience. OBJECTIVES To examine whether the use of care services reduces the feelings of burden among family caregivers in Japan. Specifically, the study was aimed at testing the following three(More)
The eight-item short version of the Japanese version of the Zarit Burden Interview (J-ZBI_8) has been confirmed for reliability and validity, and its two subscales (personal strain and role strain) are based on the factor structure of the ZBI. It has been demonstrated that these subscales have good reliability. The aim of the present study was to confirm(More)