Kei-ichi Shimamura

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Fear extinction-based exposure treatment is an important component of psychotherapy for anxiety disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Recent studies have focused on pharmacological approaches combined with exposure therapy to augment extinction. In this study, we elucidated the therapeutic potential of the serotonin 1A (5-HT(1A) ) receptor(More)
The present study elucidated whether early life stress alters the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway that underlies fear retrieval and fear extinction based on a contextual fear conditioning paradigm, using a juvenile stress model. Levels of phospho-ERK (pERK), the active form of ERK, increased after fear retrieval in the hippocampal CA1(More)
Gender differences in psychiatric disorders are considered to be associated with the serotonergic (5-HTergic) system; however the underlying mechanisms have not been clearly elucidated. In this study, possible involvement of the median raphe nucleus (MRN)-hippocampus 5-HTergic system in gender-specific emotional regulation was investigated, focusing on(More)
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a multifunctional protein that contributes to inflammatory disease when aberrantly expressed. Although macrophages express TG2, the factor stimulating TG2 expression remains poorly characterized in these cells. In the present study, we examined the effects of the stress-related catecholamines adrenaline and noradrenaline on(More)
Ketamine, a noncompetitive N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist, has been used for the treatment of cancer pain as an analgesic adjuvant to opioids. However, ketamine is known to produce psychotomimetic side effects including cognitive impairments under a high-dose situation, presumably as the result of cortical dysfunction. Here, we investigated(More)
The present study elucidated the functional role of modulatory effects of basolateral amygdala (BLA) on synaptic transmission in the rat hippocampus-medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) pathway, compared with the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). Exposure to conditioned fear stress (CFS) or prior BLA activation enhanced tetanus-induced long-term potentiation (LTP)(More)
Recent studies focus on the functional significance of a novel form of synaptic plasticity, low-frequency stimulation (LFS)-induced synaptic potentiation in the hippocampal CA1 area. In the present study, we elucidated dynamic changes in synaptic function in the CA1 field during extinction processes associated with context-dependent fear memory in freely(More)
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