The Lombard reflex occurs when a speaker increases his vocal effort while speaking in the presence of ambient noise. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether the Lombard reflex can be evoked during controlled vocalization in an animal model. In decerebrate cats, repetitive electrical stimulation was applied to the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG)… (More)
Research into natural products from the marine environment, including microorganisms, has rapidly increased over the past two decades. Despite the enormous difficulty in isolating and harvesting marine bacteria, microbial metabolites are increasingly attractive to science because of their broad-ranging pharmacological activities, especially those with… (More)
We previously demonstrated that during nasal air-jet stimulation, both the activities of intrinsic laryngeal adductor and abductor muscles persistently increase, whereas the respiratory cycle prolongs and the activity of diaphragm decreases [Am. J. Rhinol. 9 (1995) 203-208; Neurosci. Res. 31 (1998) 137-146]. The purpose of this study was to clarify the… (More)
Here, we report a draft 5.25-Mb genome sequence of Pseudoalteromonas sp. 520P1, a marine violacein-producing bacterium isolated from the Pacific coast of Japan. Genome annotation by BLAST searches revealed the presence of one acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) synthase (luxI) and five AHL receptor protein (luxR) gene homologs.
The purpose of this study was to examine the functional roles of nasal afferents in modulating the activity of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles. The electromyographic activities of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles and major respiratory muscles were recorded in cats during nasal air-jet stimulation. The activities of brainstem respiratory neurons were also… (More)