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To examine how the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) contributes to the decision process of the saccade direction, we recorded single-neuron activity while two monkeys performed two oculomotor delayed-response (ODR) tasks. In an ordinary ODR task, monkeys were required to make a memory-guided saccade to the cue location after a 3-s delay. In a(More)
In this paper, methods for detecting obstacles on a plane using a relative disparity map (RDMap) are proposed and discussed. The RDMap, which was formerly introduced by the author Umeda, is relative to a plane that is observed at first as the reference. It has an interesting feature that a plane in real 3D space also becomes a plane in the map, and has(More)
We examined the effect of the acute and repeated administration of M100907 (formerly MDL 100907), a selective 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist, on spontaneously active dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNC) and ventral tegmental area (VTA) of rats. This was accomplished using in vivo, extracellular single unit recording. The i.v.(More)
Simultaneous performance of two tasks often leads to performance deficits in the component tasks. This effect, known as dual-task interference, is thought to be a proof of capacity limitation in cognition, and the lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC) has been highlighted as its putative neural substrate. Here we recorded single-neuron activities in LPFC while(More)
We discovered a new cataract mutation, kfrs4, in the Kyoto Fancy Rat Stock (KFRS) background. Within 1 month of birth, all kfrs4/kfrs4 homozygotes developed cataracts, with severe opacity in the nuclei of the lens. In contrast, no opacity was observed in the kfrs4/+ heterozygotes. We continued to observe these rats until they reached 1 year of age and found(More)
To examine how delay-period activity participates in the decision of a saccade direction, we analyzed prefrontal activity while monkeys performed 2 tasks: oculomotor delayed-response (ODR) and self-selection ODR (S-ODR) tasks. In the ODR task, monkeys were required to make a memory-guided saccade to the cue location after a 3-s delay. In the S-ODR task, 4(More)
OBJECT The mechanism underlying cervical flexion myelopathy (CFM) is unclear. The authors report the results of anterior decompression and fusion (ADF) in terms of neurological status and radiographically documented status in young patients and discuss the pathophysiological mechanism of the entity. METHODS Twelve patients underwent ADF in which(More)