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Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are receiving attention as potential biomarkers of various diseases, including cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease. However, it is unknown whether the levels of circulating miRNAs in a healthy subject might vary with external factors in daily life. In this study, we investigated whether(More)
Ebolavirus (EBOV) is an enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA virus that causes severe hemorrhagic fever with mortality rates of up to 90% in humans and nonhuman primates. Previous studies suggest roles for clathrin- or caveolae-mediated endocytosis in EBOV entry; however, ebolavirus virions are long, filamentous particles that are larger than the(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to promote publication by international authors in AJR by analyzing the reasons for rejection of manuscripts. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data available through the electronic system for review of submitted manuscripts were analyzed over a 2-year period with regard to country of origin, type of the manuscript, decision(More)
P-glycoprotein/MDR1 was the first member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily to be identified in a eukaryote. In eukaryotes, ABC proteins can be classified into three major groups based on function: transporters, regulators, and channels. MDR1/P-glycoprotein is a prominent member of eukaryotic export-type ABC proteins.(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) post-transcriptionally regulate mRNA expression, controlling global cell function. Altered expression or function of miRNAs causes various diseases. Chemically induced changes in miRNA expression in human tissues are not fully understood. We investigated the changes in miRNA expression by rifampicin, which modulates the expression of(More)
Influenza A viruses cause recurrent outbreaks at local or global scale with potentially severe consequences for human health and the global economy. Recently, a new strain of influenza A virus was detected that causes disease in and transmits among humans, probably owing to little or no pre-existing immunity to the new strain. On 11 June 2009 the World(More)
Cell profiles determined by the thin-layer advanced cytology assay system (TACAS™), a liquid-based cytology technique newly developed in Japan, were analyzed in this study. Hybrid capture 2 (HC-2) was also performed using the liquid-based samples prepared by TACAS to ascertain its ability to detect human papillomavirus (HPV). Cell collection samples from(More)
BACKGROUND Intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies (ICI) have been identified in ciliated bronchial epithelium of Kawasaki disease (KD) patients using a synthetic antibody derived from acute KD arterial IgA plasma cells; ICI may derive from the KD etiologic agent. METHODS Acute KD bronchial epithelium was subjected to immunofluorescence for ICI and cytokeratin,(More)
ATP-binding cassette protein A1 (ABCA1) plays a major role in cholesterol homeostasis and high density lipoprotein metabolism. Apolipoprotein A-I binds to ABCA1 and cellular cholesterol and phospholipids, mainly phosphatidylcholine, are loaded onto apoA-I to form pre-beta high density lipoprotein (HDL). It is proposed that ABCA1 translocates phospholipids(More)
Forty-nine ABC protein genes exist on human chromosomes. Eukaryotic ABC proteins were originally recognized as drug efflux pumps involved in the multidrug resistance of cancer cells. However, it is now realized that one of their major physiological roles is cellular lipid transport and homeostasis, and their dysfunction is often associated with human(More)