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To elucidate the influence of immobilization-induced hypercalcemia on bone metabolism in Parkinson's disease (PD), we measured serum biochemical indexes and bone mineral density (BMD) in the second metacarpals of 142 elderly PD patients and 99 age-matched healthy controls. Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(More)
CONTEXT Stroke increases the risk of subsequent hip fracture by 2 to 4 times. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for both ischemic stroke and osteoporotic fractures in elderly men and women. Treatment with folate and mecobalamin (vitamin B12) may improve hyperhomocysteinemia. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether treatment with folate and vitamin B12(More)
OBJECTIVE Vitamin D supplementation is suggested to reduce the risk of falls among ambulatory or institutionalized elderly subjects. The present study was undertaken to address the reduced risk of falls and hip fractures in patients with long-standing stroke by vitamin D supplementation. METHODS Ninety-six elderly women with poststroke hemiplegia were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although genetic epidemiologic studies have implicated several genetic variants as risk factors for ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, the genetic determinants of these conditions remain largely unknown. We performed an association study to identify gene polymorphisms that confer susceptibility to atherothrombotic cerebral infarction,(More)
CX3CL1/fractalkine, a chemokine specific to monocytes and NK cells, is induced synergistically by TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma in vascular endothelial cells. However, the mechanism for this synergism remains unclear. This study explored the hypothesis that the CX3CL1 expression is regulated at a posttranscriptional level, which may responsible for the synergism(More)
BACKGROUND Although genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have implicated several genes in the predisposition to chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Caucasian or African American populations, the genes that confer susceptibility to CKD in Asian populations remain to be identified definitively. We performed a GWAS to identify genetic variants that confer(More)
PURPOSE Incidence of hip fractures among elderly patients with Parkinson's disease is high. Recent studies have found that levodopa induces hyperhomocysteinemia in Parkinson's disease. Hyperhomocysteinemia is considered to be a risk factor for osteoporotic fractures in elderly men and women. Very high plasma homocysteine levels are a feature of(More)
BACKGROUND There is a high incidence of hip fractures in patients after hemiplegic stroke. Bone mineral density is decreased on the hemiplegic side in patients after stroke, correlating with the immobilization-induced bone resorption, the degree of paralysis, and hypovitaminosis D. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of risedronate(More)
This study investigated the expression of Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) and generation of leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) by polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) in response to Mono-L-aspartyl chlorine 6 (NPe6) mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT). PDT was carried out using a laser diode at a light dose of 10 J/cm(2) and wavelength of 664 nm. Expression of Mac-1 was(More)
UNLABELLED In a random and prospective study, Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients were assigned to regular sunlight exposure (n = 132) or sunlight deprivation (n = 132) and followed for 1 year. Serum 25-OHD level increased by 2.2-fold in the sunlight-exposed group. Eleven patients sustained fractures in the sunlight-deprived group, and three fractures(More)