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Although intravenous delivery of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) prepared from adult bone marrow reduces infarction size and ameliorates functional deficits in rat middle cerebral artery occlusion models, there are few reports of MSC treatment in global cerebral ischemia. We utilized a global cerebral ischemia model induced by arresting the heart with a(More)
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a technique for depicting cerebral perfusion without contrast medium. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ASL can be used to detect hyperperfusion after revascularization for moyamoya disease as effectively as N-isopropyl-[123I]β-iodoamphetamine ((123)I-IMP) single-photon(More)
Free radicals play major roles in the pathogenesis of tissue damage in many diseases and clinical conditions, and the removal of free radicals may offer a treatment option. Several modulators of free radical scavenger pathways have been developed and some have progressed to clinical trials. One such agent, edaravone,(More)
The sensitivity of susceptibility-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was compared with conventional MR sequences, including T(2)*-weighted imaging, and computed tomography for the detection of cerebral hemorrhages in 15 patients with head injury. Susceptibility-weighted imaging detected a mean of 76+/-52 (total 1132) hypointense spotty lesions,(More)
A 60-year-old female presented with sudden onset of severe headache and back pain, followed by nausea. The initial head computed tomography (CT) scan revealed posterior fossa subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Spinal T(2)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated SAH, and a homogeneous and slightly low signal intensity mass at T11. Spinal angiography in(More)
OBJECTIVE Stent placement for the treatment of carotid artery stenosis may cause hemodynamic instability that induces ischemic complications for patients with bilateral carotid lesions. We carried out this study to define predictors of persistent hypotension after carotid stenting. METHODS Thirty-three lesions in 31 consecutive patients (mean age, 69.2(More)
OBJECTIVES A positive (outward) remodelling pattern in patients with typical atherosclerotic disease was recognised using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this report, the outer diameter of the circle of Willis was evaluated in patients with moyamoya disease, and its remodelling pattern was verified. METHODS A total of 18 consecutive patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Meningiomas or solitary fibrous tumors arising from the cavernous sinus (CS) are usually treated with radiosurgery to control growth. Surgical removal of cavernous tumors is indicated only for tumors extending outside the CS. However, even after adequate treatment, the tumor may exhibit recurrence or malignant transformation. We report a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Dot-like low intensity spots (a dot-like hemosiderin spot: dotHS) on T2*-weighted MR images (T2*WI), which is regarded as a sensitive method for hemosiderin detection, have been histologically diagnosed as old microbleeds associated with microangiopathies. The clinical significance of the dotHS, however, is still under debate.(More)
OBJECTIVE Deep intracerebral hematoma (ICH) is frequently associated with microbleed (MB) arising from degenerated MB. Increased numbers of MB are correlated with increased age, and we examined a possible relationship between MB number and ICH onset in younger patients. METHODS Excluding patients with ICH and a history of ICH, we examined the number of MB(More)