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The sensitivity of susceptibility-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was compared with conventional MR sequences, including T(2)*-weighted imaging, and computed tomography for the detection of cerebral hemorrhages in 15 patients with head injury. Susceptibility-weighted imaging detected a mean of 76+/-52 (total 1132) hypointense spotty lesions,(More)
Although intravenous delivery of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) prepared from adult bone marrow reduces infarction size and ameliorates functional deficits in rat middle cerebral artery occlusion models, there are few reports of MSC treatment in global cerebral ischemia. We utilized a global cerebral ischemia model induced by arresting the heart with a(More)
OBJECTIVE Stent placement for the treatment of carotid artery stenosis may cause hemodynamic instability that induces ischemic complications for patients with bilateral carotid lesions. We carried out this study to define predictors of persistent hypotension after carotid stenting. METHODS Thirty-three lesions in 31 consecutive patients (mean age, 69.2(More)
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a technique for depicting cerebral perfusion without contrast medium. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ASL can be used to detect hyperperfusion after revascularization for moyamoya disease as effectively as N-isopropyl-[123I]β-iodoamphetamine ((123)I-IMP) single-photon(More)
We present the case of a 20-year-old female who underwent foramen magnum decompression and laminectomy of C1-C3 as well as incision of only the outer layer of the dura, for her symptomatic Chiari malformation (type 1) with syringomyelia, at the age of 9 years. She required additional surgery with removal of regenerated bone and dural plasty for the(More)
Microsurgical resection remains an important treatment for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). We developed an accurate method for planning AVM resections using multidetector row CT (MDCT). Between January 2007 and January 2011, 21 consecutive patients with AVMs were enrolled in this study. Sixteen patients were symptomatic, and of these, 15 had a(More)
A 60-year-old female presented with sudden onset of severe headache and back pain, followed by nausea. The initial head computed tomography (CT) scan revealed posterior fossa subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Spinal T(2)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated SAH, and a homogeneous and slightly low signal intensity mass at T11. Spinal angiography in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hemosiderin degenerated from intracerebral hematoma (ICH) can be visualized as low intensity on gradient-echo T2*-weighted (T2*-w) MRI, which is sensitive for hemosiderin. We studied the factors associated with the hemosiderin deposition on T2*-w MRI after ICH. METHODS We analyzed T2*-w MRIs in 72 outpatients with past ICH (46(More)
Free radicals play major roles in the pathogenesis of tissue damage in many diseases and clinical conditions, and the removal of free radicals may offer a treatment option. Several modulators of free radical scavenger pathways have been developed and some have progressed to clinical trials. One such agent, edaravone,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Microangiopathy, a disorder often related to hypertension, is an important cause of deep intracerebral hematoma (ICH). The microangiopathy is associated with dot-like low-intensity spots (a dot-like hemosiderin spot: dotHS) on gradient-echo T2*-weighted MR images that have been histologically diagnosed as old microbleeds. The(More)