Kei Kondoh

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In spite of its reputation as a tumour marker, little is known about the function of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). We examined the mRNA expression of CEA and NCA in 26 gastric and 14 colorectal cancers together with adjacent morphologically normal mucosae. There was no significant difference between the CEA mRNA levels of colorectal cancer and adjacent(More)
Expression of survivin, a member of the inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) family, is elevated in fetal tissues and in various human cancers originating in the breast, lung, prostate, colon, pancreas, and stomach. Since overexpression of the survivin gene has been linked to poor patient survival in several cancers, survivin may be an important prognostic marker.(More)
The nuclear hormone receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma plays a role in cancer development in addition to its role in glucose metabolism. The natural ligand of PPAR-gamma, namely, 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), has been shown to possess antineoplastic activity in cancer cells. However, the mechanism(More)
Tumor cell invasion requires expression of degradative enzymes such as plasminogen activator, collagenase, and cathepsins. Cathepsin D, a lysosomal aspartic protease produced constitutively in human breast cancer cell lines, also has mitogenic activity in breast cancer cells. Additionally, high cathepsin D expression is associated with increased risk of(More)
BACKGROUND ERBB2, a highly important oncogene in invasive breast cancer, is not only a prognostic factor but also a predictive marker for response to therapeutic agents. Recently, An et al. (10) identified a novel gene, UROC28, that is also overexpressed in breast cancer. To examine possible interrelationships, we quantitated UROC28 and ERBB2 mRNA in breast(More)
BACKGROUND Despite surgical removal of the primary tumor of breast cancer in patients with apparently localized disease, relapse at local or distant sites may occur because undetectable micrometastases were present at the time of diagnosis. Identification of molecules associated with breast cancer metastasis suggests possible new treatments. PCD1, a gene(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The recently identified aspartate protease gene ALP56 is up-regulated in human malignant tumors, including colorectal cancers, but the relationship remain unclear between ALP56 gene expression and clinicopathological findings, as well as when genetic alterations in ALP56 occur during the colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence. We(More)
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