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Sub-MIC levels of macrolides down-regulate bacterial virulence factors and suppress inflammatory processes. The ability of macrolides to reduce the production of pneumolysin has been shown to explain the discrepancy between in vitro resistance and outcomes with macrolides against macrolide-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. In this study, we determined(More)
We present 3 adult cases of visceral toxocariasis from the same family, who each consumed thin slices of raw bovine liver weekly, and developed eosinophilia and multiple small lesions in their livers and lungs. Serological examinations using the larval excretory-secretory product of Toxocara canis strongly indicated infection with Toxocara species larvae.(More)
Tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) is endemic in discrete areas throughout the world; however, a domestic or imported case of relapsing fever has not been reported in Japan. Here, we report the first imported case. A previously healthy 20-year-old woman presented to our hospital on October 8, 2010, because of recurrent fever and lower leg pain. Before(More)
The nationwide surveillance on antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial respiratory pathogens from patients in Japan, was conducted by Japanese Society of Chemotherapy, Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases and Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology in 2010. The isolates were collected from clinical specimens obtained from well-diagnosed adult(More)
For the purpose of nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial respiratory pathogens from patients in Japan, the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC) started a survey in 2006. From 2009, JSC continued the survey in collaboration with the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases and the Japanese Society for Clinical(More)
A 66-year-old woman with malignant lymphoma became neutropenic during chemotherapy and developed cryptococcemia. After amphotericin B had been commenced, she developed significant hypokalemia and polyuria, though her renal function remained stable. The laboratory findings showed no evidence of renal tubular acidosis. With vigorous water and potassium(More)
A 58-year-old man had leukocytosis (leukocytes 11,800/ μL), with marked eosinophilia (36%) and an increased total IgE at 2,345 U/mL (normal <100). There were no abnormal results in his annual checkup examinations including blood parameters until the most recent examination, when he began to eat raw cow liver weekly. Abdominal computed to-mography (CT)(More)