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ANRIL is a recently discovered long non-coding RNA encoded in the chromosome 9p21 region. This locus is a hotspot for disease-associated polymorphisms, and it has been consistently associated with cardiovascular disease, and more recently with several cancers, diabetes, glaucoma, endometriosis among other conditions. ANRIL has been shown to regulate its(More)
ANRIL is a newly discovered non-coding RNA lying on the strongest genetic susceptibility locus for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the chromosome 9p21 region. Genome-wide association studies have been linking polymorphisms in this locus with CVD and several other major diseases such as diabetes and cancer. The role of this non-coding RNA in atherosclerosis(More)
OBJECTIVES Mice deficient in the regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2) exhibit a strong hypertensive phenotype. We studied whether genetic variations in RGS2 are implicated in hypertension or other phenotypes in Japanese hypertensive individuals and the general population. METHODS We sequenced all exons of RGS2 and the promoter region in 953 and 48(More)
It was reported that gene polymorphisms in the fat-mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) were associated with obesity and diabetes in several genome-wide association studies. A recent report indicated that FTO-knockout mice exhibited phenotypes of skinny body shape and normal metabolic profiles. Thus, FTO could be important in metabolic disorders. The aim(More)
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the association of periodontal status with occlusal force and food acceptability. We hypothesised that mastication deteriorated with reduced periodontal support, even when posterior occlusal contacts with natural teeth were maintained and the patients remained clinically asymptomatic. Participants were 482(More)
The guidelines of the Joint National Committee 7 from the USA on hypertension have unified the normal and high-normal blood pressure categories into a single entity termed ;prehypertension'. In contrast, The European Guidelines for the management of hypertension in 2007 considered ;prehypertensive' to be divided into normal and high-normal blood pressure.(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has recently been recognized to be a powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Atrial fibrillation (AF), which is a common arrhythmia in hypertensives, is associated with increased risks of cardiovascular events and death. However, the association between CKD and the onset of AF has not been fully(More)
von Willebrand factor (VWF) is synthesized primarily in vascular endothelial cells and secreted into the plasma as unusually large VWF multimers. Normally, these multimers are quickly degraded into smaller forms by a plasma metalloproteinase, VWF-cleaving protease (VWF-CP). Decreases in the activity of this enzyme result in congenital and acquired(More)
CYP2C9 is a polymorphic enzyme that metabolizes a number of clinically important drugs. In this study, catalytic activities of seven alleles found in Japanese individuals, CYP2C9*3 (I359L), *13 (L90P), *26 (T130R), *28 (Q214L), *30 (A477T), *33 (R132Q), and *34 (R335Q), were assessed using three substrates (diclofenac, losartan, and glimepiride). When(More)
Increased renal restive index (RI) measured using Doppler ultrasonography has been shown to correlate with the degree of renal impairment in hypertensive patients. We investigated the prognostic role of RI in cardiovascular and renal outcomes. A total of 426 essential hypertensive subjects (mean age, 63 years; 50% female) with no previous cardiovascular(More)