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UNLABELLED Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified genetic variants contributing to the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) at the chromosome 9p21 locus. The CVD-associated region is adjacent to the two cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKN)2A and 2B and the last exons of the non-coding RNA, ANRIL. It is still not clear which of or how(More)
OBJECTIVES Mice deficient in the regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2) exhibit a strong hypertensive phenotype. We studied whether genetic variations in RGS2 are implicated in hypertension or other phenotypes in Japanese hypertensive individuals and the general population. METHODS We sequenced all exons of RGS2 and the promoter region in 953 and 48(More)
Few prospective studies have examined the association between high-normal blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Asia. We examined the impact of high-normal blood pressure on the incidence of CVD in a general urban population cohort in Japan. We studied 5494 Japanese individuals (ages 30 to 79 years without CVD at baseline) after completing a(More)
The homozygous deletion allele of the angiotensin converting enzyme gene (ACE/DD), homozygous threonine allele of the angiotensinogen gene (AGN/TT), and the epsilon4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (apoE/epsilon4) are reported to be associated with ischemic heart disease. Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is another atherosclerotic disease; and the effects(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide scans from Italy and China suggest a hypertension-susceptible locus between D2S2278 (nucleotides 11,245,080 - 11,245,358) and D2S168 (nucleotides 11,467,214 - 11,467,422) on chromosome 2. METHODS We performed a large association study of polymorphisms in this region with blood pressure modulation in a Japanese general population.(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction, which are common cardiac consequences of hypertension, are modified by insulin resistance. The present study assessed the hypothesis that primary treatment of insulin resistance may reverse such cardiac changes in hypertensive patients. METHODS A total of 30 patients with essential(More)
ANRIL is a newly discovered non-coding RNA lying on the strongest genetic susceptibility locus for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the chromosome 9p21 region. Genome-wide association studies have been linking polymorphisms in this locus with CVD and several other major diseases such as diabetes and cancer. The role of this non-coding RNA in atherosclerosis(More)
We report a 27-year-old woman with renovascular hypertension, renal infarction, and hepatic artery aneurysm due to fibromuscular dysplasia. The patient was first noted to have renal artery aneurysm and hepatic artery aneurysm at the age of 17. The renal infarction was asymptomatic and was incidentally detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
CYP2C9 is a polymorphic enzyme that metabolizes a number of clinically important drugs. In this study, catalytic activities of seven alleles found in Japanese individuals, CYP2C9*3 (I359L), *13 (L90P), *26 (T130R), *28 (Q214L), *30 (A477T), *33 (R132Q), and *34 (R335Q), were assessed using three substrates (diclofenac, losartan, and glimepiride). When(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is caused by various risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is commonly used for the evaluation of the renal function in patients with CKD; however, it is difficult to assess the pathogenesis of CKD and predict the renal prognosis accurately using only eGFR. The(More)