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Inhibitory coreceptors are thought to play important roles in maintaining immunological homeostasis, and a defect in the negative signals from inhibitory coreceptors may lead to the development of autoimmune diseases. We have recently identified B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA), a new inhibitory coreceptor expressed on immune cells, and we suggest that(More)
Recent studies have suggested that statins, the inhibitors for 3-hydroxy-3-methyglutaryl (HMG)-CoA reductase in the mevalonate pathway, exhibit anti-inflammatory effects. However, the immune modulatory effects of statins on the differentiation of CD4(+) T cells and their underlying mechanisms are still largely unknown. To address these issues, we examined(More)
It has recently been shown that CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells are immunoregulatory T cells that prevent CD4(+) T-cell-mediated organ-specific autoimmune diseases. In this study, the regulatory mechanism of CD4(+)CD25(+) T-cell development were investigated using T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice. It was found that CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells preferentially expressed(More)
Interleukin-25 (IL-25) is a recently described T helper 2 (T(H)2) cell-derived cytokine that belongs to the IL-17 family and induces the production of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 from an unidentified non-T-cell population. Here, we show that mast cells are also potent IL-25-producing cells. When bone marrow-derived mast cells were stimulated by immunoglobulin E(More)
OBJECTIVE Helios+FoxP3+CD4+ (Helios+) Treg cells are believed to be involved in the regulation of various autoimmune diseases; however, the regulatory mechanisms underlying the development of Helios+ Treg cells remain uncertain. This study was undertaken to elucidate the regulatory mechanisms of Helios expression in CD4+ T cells and its roles in(More)
OBJECTIVE The 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refer to a possible use of ultrasound "for confirmation of the clinical findings." We undertook this study to determine the optimized definition of ultrasound-detected synovitis for the 2010 ACR/EULAR(More)
BACKGROUND A novel IL-17 family cytokine, IL-25, has been reported to induce IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 production from undefined non-T/non-B cells and then induce T(H)2-type immune responses. However, the roles of IL-25 in inducing allergic airway inflammation remain unknown. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether IL-25 is involved in causing allergic(More)
INTRODUCTION Arthritis is the most frequent manifestation of Blau syndrome, an autoinflammatory disorder caused by the genetic mutation of NOD2. However, detailed information on arthritis in Blau syndrome on which the therapeutic strategy should be based on is lacking. This multi-center study aimed to accurately characterize the articular manifestation of(More)
OBJECTIVE In the treatment of polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM), muscle inflammation and underlying autoimmunity need to be suppressed promptly; however, catabolic effects of corticosteroids such as myopathy can be detrimental in PM/DM. In this study, we aimed to assess the corticosteroid-sparing effect of tacrolimus in the initial treatment of(More)
Blau syndrome (BS) is an autosomal dominant autoinflammatory disease associated with NOD2 gene mutations. It is characterized by arthritis, skin rash, and uveitis. Here, we report contrasting outcomes of a daughter and her mother with BS. Their long-term follow-up revealed the efficacy of anti-tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNF) with respect to BS. Joint(More)