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Interleukin-25 (IL-25) is a recently described T helper 2 (T(H)2) cell-derived cytokine that belongs to the IL-17 family and induces the production of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 from an unidentified non-T-cell population. Here, we show that mast cells are also potent IL-25-producing cells. When bone marrow-derived mast cells were stimulated by immunoglobulin E(More)
BACKGROUND A novel IL-17 family cytokine, IL-25, has been reported to induce IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 production from undefined non-T/non-B cells and then induce T(H)2-type immune responses. However, the roles of IL-25 in inducing allergic airway inflammation remain unknown. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether IL-25 is involved in causing allergic(More)
OBJECTIVE The 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refer to a possible use of ultrasound "for confirmation of the clinical findings." We undertook this study to determine the optimized definition of ultrasound-detected synovitis for the 2010 ACR/EULAR(More)
Previous studies have shown that IL-6 potently induces IL-21 production in CD4(+) T cells, whereas TGF-beta inhibits IL-6-induced IL-21 production in CD4(+) T cells. In this study, we addressed the mechanisms underlying the transcriptional regulation of IL-21 production in CD4(+) T cells. We found that IL-6 induced c-Maf expression in CD4(+) T cells and(More)
BACKGROUND Statins inhibit 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, a key rate-limiting enzyme in the mevalonate pathway. Accumulating data suggest that statins exhibit anti-inflammatory effects on a number of experimental models including experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and antigen-induced allergic airway inflammation. However,(More)
OBJECTIVE This prospective study aimed to determine whether the comprehensive ultrasonographic assessment of synovial inflammation predicts relapse after discontinuation of treatment with a biologic agent in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical remission. METHODS RA patients in clinical remission (Disease Activity Score in 28 joints [DAS28](More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine whether [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/CT ([(18)F]FDG-PET/CT) discriminates PM/DM from non-muscular diseases and also whether FDG uptake in proximal muscles reflects the activity and severity of muscular inflammation in PM/DM. METHODS Twenty treatment-naïve PM/DM patients who underwent [(18)F]FDG-PET/CT were(More)
For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), remission can be achieved with tight control of inflammation and early use of disease modifying agents. The importance of remission as an outcome has been recently highlighted by European League Against Rheumatism recommendations. However, remission when defined by clinical remission criteria (disease activity(More)
OBJECTIVE Our prospective study aimed to demonstrate that the cumulative synovial power Doppler (PD) ultrasound scores correlate with radiographic progression better than conventional measures in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We also investigated the difference between antirheumatic agents. METHODS Sixty-nine patients with RA who had recently(More)
OBJECTIVE Helios+FoxP3+CD4+ (Helios+) Treg cells are believed to be involved in the regulation of various autoimmune diseases; however, the regulatory mechanisms underlying the development of Helios+ Treg cells remain uncertain. This study was undertaken to elucidate the regulatory mechanisms of Helios expression in CD4+ T cells and its roles in(More)