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Interleukin-25 (IL-25) is a recently described T helper 2 (T(H)2) cell-derived cytokine that belongs to the IL-17 family and induces the production of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 from an unidentified non-T-cell population. Here, we show that mast cells are also potent IL-25-producing cells. When bone marrow-derived mast cells were stimulated by immunoglobulin E(More)
OBJECTIVE The 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refer to a possible use of ultrasound "for confirmation of the clinical findings." We undertook this study to determine the optimized definition of ultrasound-detected synovitis for the 2010 ACR/EULAR(More)
BACKGROUND A novel IL-17 family cytokine, IL-25, has been reported to induce IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 production from undefined non-T/non-B cells and then induce T(H)2-type immune responses. However, the roles of IL-25 in inducing allergic airway inflammation remain unknown. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether IL-25 is involved in causing allergic(More)
Previous studies have shown that IL-6 potently induces IL-21 production in CD4(+) T cells, whereas TGF-beta inhibits IL-6-induced IL-21 production in CD4(+) T cells. In this study, we addressed the mechanisms underlying the transcriptional regulation of IL-21 production in CD4(+) T cells. We found that IL-6 induced c-Maf expression in CD4(+) T cells and(More)
Blau syndrome (BS) is an autosomal dominant autoinflammatory disease associated with NOD2 gene mutations. It is characterized by arthritis, skin rash, and uveitis. Here, we report contrasting outcomes of a daughter and her mother with BS. Their long-term follow-up revealed the efficacy of anti-tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNF) with respect to BS. Joint(More)
OBJECTIVE In the treatment of polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM), muscle inflammation and underlying autoimmunity need to be suppressed promptly; however, catabolic effects of corticosteroids such as myopathy can be detrimental in PM/DM. In this study, we aimed to assess the corticosteroid-sparing effect of tacrolimus in the initial treatment of(More)
T-bet and STAT4 play critical roles in helper T cell differentiation, especially for Th1 cells. However, it is still unknown about the relative importance and redundancy of T-bet and STAT4 for Th1 differentiation. It is also unknown about their independent role of T-bet and STAT4 in the regulation of allergic airway inflammation. In this study, we addressed(More)
OBJECTIVE There are differences between Europe and Japan in the incidence and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) serotype of patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). However, differences in phenotype or outcome have not been explored. We aimed to identify differences in phenotype and outcome of MPA between Europe and Japan. METHODS Sequential(More)
For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), remission can be achieved with tight control of inflammation and early use of disease modifying agents. The importance of remission as an outcome has been recently highlighted by European League Against Rheumatism recommendations. However, remission when defined by clinical remission criteria (disease activity(More)