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Studies of the pathogenesis and molecular biology of JC virus infection over the last two decades have significantly changed our understanding of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, which can be described as a subacute viral infection of neuroglial cells that probably follows reactivation of latent infection rather than being the consequence of(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection of the brain has been associated with a severe dementing illness in children and adults. However, HIV-1 antigens are most frequently found in macrophages and microglial cells. To determine the extent of susceptibility of neuroglial cells to infection, the HIV-1 genome was introduced into cells cultured(More)
Nuclear factor-1 (NF-1) is a multifunctional protein that participates in both transcription and replication. NF-1 proteins exist as a family of proteins that share some common structural and functional features but also demonstrate organ and cell type specific expression. Based upon these characteristics, the family of NF-1 proteins is divided into four(More)
The human polyomavirus, JCV, is the causative agent of the central nervous system demyelinating disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). The principal target of JCV infection in the central nervous system (CNS) is the myelinating oligodendrocyte. However, the site of JCV multiplication outside of the CNS and the mechanism by which virus(More)
JC virus is a neurotropic virus that causes the demyelinating disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in humans. In order to understand the neurotropic nature of this virus, we examined the binding of nuclear proteins to the viral regulatory region. A close association of nuclear factor-1 (NF-1) and Jun protein binding sites was found. These(More)
Burkholderia mallei is an obligate mammalian pathogen that causes the zoonotic disease glanders. Two live attenuated B. mallei strains, a capsule mutant and a branched-chain amino acid auxotroph, were evaluated for use as vaccines against aerosol-initiated glanders in mice. Animals were aerogenically vaccinated and serum samples were obtained before aerosol(More)
Immunization with the Yersinia pestis F1 and LcrV proteins improves survival in mouse and non-human primate models of pneumonic plague. F1- and LcrV-specific antibodies contribute to protection, however, the mechanisms of antibody-mediated defense are incompletely understood and serum antibody titers do not suffice as quantitative correlates of protection.(More)
We have initiated a study to identify host proteins which interact with the regulatory region of the human polyomavirus JC (JCV), which is associated with the demyelinating disease, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. We examined the interaction of nuclear proteins prepared from different cell lines with the JCV regulatory region by DNA binding gel(More)
The diagnosis of human LNB can be difficult, because its major clinical manifestations--meningitis, facial palsy, radiculitis, and neuritis--are non-specific and the characteristic skin lesion is usually absent at the time of neurological involvement. Thus, CSF assays are often used in diagnosis. Culture of CSF is rarely performed because it has a low yield(More)
A gene, cgtA, encoding an extremely thermostable cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) was cloned from a thermophilic anaerobe, Thermoanaerobacter sp. ATCC 53627, and expressed in Escherichia coli. DNA and protein sequencing revealed that the mature enzyme of 683 amino acid residues (MW 75 kDa) was preceded by a signal peptide of 27 amino acid residues.(More)