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Drought tolerance (DT) and drought avoidance (DA) are two major mechanisms in drought resistance of higher plants. In this study, the genetic bases of DT and DA at reproductive stage in rice were analyzed using a recombinant inbred line population from a cross between an indica lowland and a tropical japonica upland cultivar. The plants were grown(More)
Improvement of plant type plays an important role in super-high yield breeding in rice (Oryza sativa L.). In the present study, a set of backcross recombinant inbred lines derived from a cross of 9311 and Zhenshan97, both elite indica hybrid parents, were developed to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for flag leaf size, panicle and yield traits.(More)
Excessive nitrogen (N) application to rice (Oryza sativa L.) crop in China causes environmental pollution, increases the cost of rice farming, reduces grain yield and contributes to global warming. Scientists from the International Rice Research Institute have collaborated with partners in China to improve rice N fertilization through site-specific N(More)
The improvement of nitrogen-deficiency tolerance (NDT) and nitrogen-use efficiency (NUE) traits is an important objective of many rice breeding programs. A better understanding of their relationship is required for more efficient breeding. The objectives of this study were to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for NDT and NUE traits, and to gain a better(More)
Dry direct-seeded rice is an alternative cropping technique that should require less water and labor than classical transplanted-flooded rice. Here, we studied growth, yield and resource use efficiency of rice cultivation in Central China, in 2012 and 2013. We compared dry direct-seeded rice and transplanted-flooded rice. For dry direct-seeded rice, we(More)
“Aerobic rice” system is the cultivation of nutrient-responsive cultivars in nonflooded and nonsaturated soil under supplemental irrigation. It is intended for lowland areas with water shortage and for favorable upland areas with access to supplementary irrigation. Yield decline caused by soil sickness has been reported with continuous monocropping of(More)
The increasing shortage of water resources has led to the development and adoption of aerobic rice system, which saves water input and increases water productivity by reducing water use during land preparation and limiting seepage, percolation, and evaporation. Aerobic rice also reduces labor requirement and greenhouse gaseous emission from rice field. In(More)
To understand the underlying mechanism for plasticity in root to shoot ratio (R/S) in response to drought stress, two rice cultivars, Zhenshan97 (drought susceptible) and IRAT109 (drought resistant), were grown hydroponically, and R/S, carbohydrate concentration and partitioning, and activities of enzymes for sucrose conversion in seedlings exposed to(More)
Submergence stress is a limiting factor for direct-seeded rice systems in rainfed lowlands and flood-prone areas of South and Southeast Asia. The present study demonstrated that submergence stress severely hampered the germination and seedling growth of rice, however, seed priming alleviated the detrimental effects of submergence stress. To elucidate the(More)
Cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) accumulation in rice grains is a great threat to its productivity, grain quality, and thus human health. Pot and field studies were carried out to unravel the effect of different water management practices (aerobic, aerobic-flooded, and flooded) on Cd and As accumulation in rice grains of two different varieties. In pot(More)