Keh-Sung Tsai

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BACKGROUND The incidence of low birth weights is increased in offspring of women who are exposed to high concentrations of arsenic in drinking water compared with other women. We hypothesized that effects of arsenic on birth weight may be related to effects on myogenic differentiation. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on(More)
Since the mid-1990s, novel G9 rotaviruses have been detected in many countries, suggesting that G9 is a globally important serotype. The molecular epidemiology of G9 rotaviruses in Taiwan from 2000 to 2002 was investigated in this study. G9 rotavirus first appeared in 2000 with 4 cases and constituted 33.8% and 54.8% of the rotavirus-positive samples in(More)
Lanostanoid triterpenes isolated from Ganoderma amboinense were found to inhibit the growth of numerous cancer cell lines, and some of them inhibited the activities of topoisomerases I and IIalpha in vitro. Among the bioactive isolates, one of the most potent triterpene was identified to be 3 alpha-hydroxy-15 alpha-acetoxy-lanosta-7,9(11),24-trien-26-oic(More)
A pool of myoblasts available for myogenesis is important for skeletal muscle size. The decreased number of skeletal muscle fibers could be due to the decreased myoblast proliferation or cytotoxicity. Identification of toxicants that regulate myoblast apoptosis is important in skeletal muscle development or regeneration. Here, we investigate the cytotoxic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes on the clinical outcome of chronic childhood HBV infection and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS A total of 460 HBV carrier children were followed-up for 15 years and 26 children with HBV-related HCC were recruited. HBV genotyping was(More)
Little is known about the longitudinal course of hepatitis B virus (HBV) load and its relationship with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We conducted a case-cohort study nested within a cohort of 2874 HBV surface antigen-positive male Taiwanese government employees aged 30 years or older. HBV genotype and DNA levels (i.e. viral load) were(More)
Acetylation of histone and nonhistone proteins is an important posttranslational modification affecting many cellular processes. Here, we report that NuA4 acetylation of Sip2, a regulatory β subunit of the Snf1 complex (yeast AMP-activated protein kinase), decreases as cells age. Sip2 acetylation, controlled by antagonizing NuA4 acetyltransferase and Rpd3(More)
Serum urate status, the prevalence of hyperuricemia and their relationship to the metabolic syndrome in elderly Taiwanese were described using data from the Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (1999-2000), in which a stratified multi-stage clustered sampling scheme was applied. Complete data from biochemical assays and anthropometric measures for(More)
We assessed the seroprevalence of Entamoeba histolytica infection using indirect hemagglutination antibody (IHA) assay among 667 HIV-infected persons (group A), 1,311 asymptomatic HIV-uninfected persons seeking anonymous HIV testing (group B), 616 HIV-uninfected controls with gastrointestinal symptoms (diarrhea and/or liver abscess) seeking medical care(More)
Hip fracture rates in Taiwan are among the highest in the world. The aim of this study was to describe the trends of hip fracture hospitalizations among Taiwanese elderly (aged ≥ 65 years) and the trends of antiosteoporosis medication expenditure from 1999 to 2010. We conducted an ecological study using inpatient health care-utilization data from the(More)