Keh-Shih Chuang

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Group independent component analysis (gICA) was performed on resting-state data from 14 healthy subjects scanned on 5 fMRI scan sessions across 16 days. The data were reduced and aggregated in 3 steps using Principal Components Analysis (PCA, within scan, within session and across session) and subjected to gICA procedures. The amount of reduction was(More)
Micro positron emission tomography (PET) and micro single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), used for imaging small animals, have become essential tools in developing new pharmaceuticals and can be used, among other things, to test new therapeutic approaches in animal models of human disease, as well as to image gene expression. These imaging(More)
In recent years, the temporal clustering analysis (TCA) method has been introduced to analyze functional MRI (fMRI) data without prior information about the activation patterns or experimental paradigms. It has been successfully applied to situations under which the timing of events of interest is not known. However, useful information regarding the spatial(More)
Previous studies have shown that Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) 2000 compression is better than JPEG at higher compression ratio levels. However, some findings revealed that this is not valid at lower levels. In this study, the qualities of compressed medical images in these ratio areas ( approximately 20), including computed radiography, computed(More)
Estimating the effective signal dimension of resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) data sets (i.e., selecting an appropriate number of signal components) is essential for data-driven analysis. However, current methods are prone to overestimate the dimensions, especially for concatenated group data sets. This work aims to develop improved dimension estimation(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate and compare the biological impact on different proposed margin recipes for the same geometric uncertainties for intra-hepatic tumors with different tumor cell types or clinical stages. METHOD Three different margin recipes based on tumor motion were applied to sixteen IMRT plans with a total of twenty two intra-hepatic tumors. One(More)
This paper presents a new class of image noise smoothing algorithms utilizing the membership information of the neighboring pixels. The basic idea of this method is to compute the smoothed output using neighboring pixels from the same cluster to avoid image blurring. A fuzzy c-means algorithm is first applied to the image to separate the image pixels into a(More)
OBJECTIVE In positron emission tomography (PET) of the dopaminergic system, quantitative measurements of nigrostriatal dopamine function are useful for differential diagnosis. A subregional analysis of striatal uptake enables the diagnostic performance to be more powerful. However, the partial volume effect (PVE) induces an underestimation of the true(More)
PURPOSE Several positron emission tomography (PET) scanners with special detector block arrangements have been developed in recent years to improve the resolution of PET images. However, the discontinuous detector blocks cause gaps in the sinogram. This study proposes an adaptive discrete cosine transform-based (aDCT) filter for gap-inpainting. METHODS(More)