Keh-Dong Shiang

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Imatinib mesylate (IM) induces remission in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients but does not eliminate leukemia stem cells (LSCs), which remain a potential source of relapse. Here we investigated the ability of HDAC inhibitors (HDACis) to target CML stem cells. Treatment with HDACis combined with IM effectively induced apoptosis in quiescent CML(More)
BACKGROUND The capacity for insulin synthesis in islets is important for islet transplantation to succeed. We developed a microassay that evaluates the potency of human islets by measuring changes in glucose-induced human insulin gene (INS) expression using a single islet in octuplicate samples. METHODS Poly (A) messenger RNA (mRNA) was purified from a(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of hematopoietic cell differentiation and may contribute to altered growth of leukemic stem cells. Using microarray-based miRNA profiling, we found that miRNA 486 (miR-486) is significantly upregulated in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) compared with normal CD34(+) cells, particularly in the megakaryocyte-erythroid(More)
BACKGROUND Assays for assessing human islet cell quality, which provide results before transplantation, would be beneficial to improve the outcomes for islet transplantation therapy. Parameters such as percent β-cell apoptosis and cell composition are found to vary markedly between different islet preparations and may serve as markers of islet quality. We(More)
The choice of enzyme blend is critical for successful islet isolation. Islet yield, viability, integrity, and function are important factors that influence the outcome of islet transplantation. Liberase HI has been used as a standard enzyme for pancreas digestion and has successfully produced islets that reversed diabetes. However, the replacement of(More)
Conversion of complex phenomena in medicine, pharmaceutical and systems biology fields to a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and identification of parameters from experimental data and theoretical model equations can be treated as a computational engine to arrive at the best solution for chemical reactions, biochemical metabolic and(More)
OBJECTIVE A computational model of insulin secretion and glucose metabolism for assisting the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in clinical research is introduced. The proposed method for the estimation of parameters for a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) that represent the time course of plasma glucose and insulin concentrations during glucose(More)
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