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The vertebrate genome contains large spans of non-coding RNA, which for the most part were considered of little functional value to the organism. Recent studies have indicated that vertebrate genomes may have stored hidden secrets in this large span of non-coding RNA, which we refer to here as "Natural Antisense Transcripts (NATs)." NATs can be found in(More)
Rho GTPases play an important and versatile role in several biological processes. In this study, we identified the zebrafish ortholog of the mammalian Rho A guanine exchange factor, synectin-binding guanine exchange factor (Syx), and determined its in vivo function in the zebrafish and the mouse. We found that Syx is expressed specifically in the(More)
The mechanisms underlying many of the human disease phenotypes associated with ciliary dysfunction and abnormal centrosome amplification have yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we present for the first time that SIRT2, a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase, regulates ciliogenesis and centrosome amplification. Overexpression of SIRT2(More)
Recently, messenger RNAs in eukaryotes have shown to associate with antisense (AS) transcript partners that are often referred to as long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) whose function is largely unknown. Here, we have identified a natural AS transcript for tyrosine kinase containing immunoglobulin and epidermal growth factor homology domain-1 (tie-1), tie-1AS(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases play an integral role in several cellular processes. To regulate mitogen-activated protein kinases, cells express members of a counteracting group of proteins called phosphatases. In this study, we have identified a specific role that one member of this family of phosphatases, dual-specific phosphatase-5 (Dusp-5) plays in(More)
In vertebrates, molecular mechanisms dictate angioblasts' migration and subsequent differentiation into arteries and veins. In this study, we used a microarray screen to identify a novel member of the sucrose nonfermenting related kinase (snrk-1) family of serine/threonine kinases expressed specifically in the embryonic zebrafish vasculature and(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe form of bowel disease that develops in premature infants. Although animal data and human studies suggest that aberrant activation of the intestinal immune system contributes to NEC, the pathogenesis remains unclear. We hypothesized that inherited defects in the regulation of Toll-like receptor signaling can(More)
We first investigated the cytotoxicity of three cycloartane triterpenoids isolated from the aerial part of C. dahurica. Their cytotoxic activity was investigated on several cancer cell lines including solid tumor (HepG2), blood tumor (HL-60), drug resistant tumor (R-HepG2) and primary cultured normal mouse and rat hepatocytes in order to find efficient(More)
The extracellular matrix plays a critical role in neural crest (NC) cell migration. In this study, we characterize the contribution of the novel GPI-linked matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) zebrafish mmp17b. Mmp17b is expressed post-gastrulation in the developing NC. Morpholino inactivation of mmp17b function, or chemical inhibition of MMP activity results in(More)
Endothelial cell-specific chemotaxis receptor (ECSCR) is a cell surface protein expressed by blood endothelial cells with roles in endothelial cell migration and signal transduction. We investigated the function of ecscr in the development of the zebrafish vasculature. Zebrafish ecscr is expressed in angioblasts and in axial vessels during angioblast(More)