Keguang Cheng

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Twenty-five naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenes, 15 of which were synthesized in this study, were biologically evaluated as inhibitors of rabbit muscle glycogen phosphorylase a (GPa). From SAR studies, the presence of a sugar moiety in triterpene saponins resulted in a markedly decreased activity ( 7, 18- 20) or no activity ( 21, 22). These(More)
Bredemolic acid (3) is a naturally occurring 2β,3α-isomer of maslinic acid (1) that is an allosteric site inhibitor of glycogen phosphorylase (GP). A practical synthesis of 3 was accomplished (18% yield) in five steps starting from the readily available 2β,3β-diol 6a. In a similar fashion, 2β,3α-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (4) was synthesized as a(More)
Synthesis and biological evaluation of glucoconjugates of oleanolic acid, linked by either a triazole moiety or an ester function, as novel inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylase have been described. Several triterpene-glycoside conjugates exhibited moderate-to-good inhibitory activity against rabbit muscle GPa. Compound 12 showed the best inhibition with an(More)
The synthesis and biological evaluation of corosolic acid derivatives and related compounds as inhibitors of rabbit muscle glycogen phosphorylase a is described. Within this series of compounds, 8 (IC(50)=7.31 microM), 12d (IC(50)=3.26 microM), and 12e (IC(50)=5.1 microM) exhibited more potent activities than the parent compound 1 (IC(50)=20 microM). SAR of(More)
Recently, oleanolic acid was found to be an inhibitor of glycogen phosphorylase. For further structural modification, we have synthesized several dimers of oleanolic acid by using amide, ester, or triazole linkage with click chemistry. The click chemistry was shown to be the most efficient method for the dimer synthesis. Nearly quantitative yield of(More)
Naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenes (PT), a novel class of inhibitors against glycogen phosphorylase (GP), hold promise for the treatment of type-2 diabetes and other diseases with disorders in glycogen metabolism. To identify novel and more potent GP inhibitors, the receptor-based comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative(More)
Herein, we reported on a series of synthetic nitric oxide-releasing enmein-type diterpenoid hybrids (9a-i). All the target compounds showed potent antibacterial activity against selected Gram-positive bacteria S. aureus and B. subtilis. The antiproliferative activity against human tumor K562, MGC-803, CaEs-17 and Bel-7402 cells, and human normal liver cells(More)
K-ras is a member of ras gene family which is involved in cell survival, proliferation and differentiation. When a mutation occurs in ras gene, the activation of Ras proteins may be prolonged to induce oncogenesis. However, the relationship between K-ras mutation and clinical outcomes in pancreatic cancer patients treated with chemotherapy agents is still(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and its auto-oxidation products are known to disrupt normal bacterial function and NO releasing molecules have the potential to be developed as antibacterial leads in drug discovery. We have designed and synthesized a series of novel nitrated compounds by combining NO releasing groups with ocotillol-type triterpenoids, which have(More)
Isodon rubescens has been used as a traditional green tea for more than 1000 years and many medicinal functions of I. rubescens are also very useful, such as its well-known antitumor and antibacterial activities. Oridonin, a bioactive ent-kaurane diterpenoid, is the major ingredient of this medicinal tea. Herein, 22 novel oridonin derivatives were designed(More)