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Carbon nanotubes can be functionalized via amidation and esterification of the nanotube-bound carboxylic acids. The solubility of these functionalized carbon nanotubes makes it possible to characterize and study the properties of carbon nanotubes using solution-based techniques. Representative results concerning the solubility, dispersion,(More)
Carbon nanotubes are generally insoluble in any solvents, resulting in their poor processability for many proposed potential applications. Several strategies have been developed to introduce carbon nanotubes into solvent systems, including dispersion and suspension under special experimental conditions and the chemical modification and functionalization.(More)
Single-walled (SWNTs) and multiple-walled (MWNTs) carbon nanotubes were solubilized via the esterification of nanotube-bound carboxylic acids by oligomeric polyethylene glycol compounds. The water-soluble samples were used as starting materials in reactions with bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein in ambient aqueous solutions. The reaction conditions were(More)
A systematic investigation on the unusual attachment of labile deuterium to carbon nanotubes in deuterated water and alcohols is reported. The carbon nanotubes were solubilized through the established functionalization of the nanotube-bound carboxylic acids to allow solution-phase reaction and characterization. The deuterium attachment was found under(More)
Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) behavior of fullerene-centered macromolecules is investigated. Because of the globular shape of the macromolecules, their GPC results are different from those of linear polystyrene standards. These macromolecules may serve as alternative molecular weight standards for polymers or dendrimers of similar globular structures.(More)
Pyrene was introduced into cavities in functionalized single-walled and multiple-walled carbon nanotubes to be used as a molecular probe in the study of encapsulation. The solubility of these materials in common organic solvents allowed solution-phase absorption and emission spectroscopic measurements. The results, which are consistent with the formation of(More)
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