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The design of advanced functional materials with nanometer- and micrometer-scale control over their properties is of considerable interest for both fundamental and applied studies because of the many potential applications for these materials in the fields of biomedical materials, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. The layer-by-layer deposition(More)
Beside chemical properties and topographical features, mechanical properties of gels have been recently demonstrated to play an important role in various cellular processes, including cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation. In this work, we used multilayer films made of poly(L-lysine)/Hyaluronan (PLL/HA) of controlled stiffness to investigate(More)
Understanding how cells integrate multiple signaling pathways to achieve specific cell differentiation is a challenging question in cell biology. We have explored the physiological presentation of BMP-2 by using a biomaterial that harbors tunable mechanical properties to promote localized BMP-2 signaling. We show that matrix-bound BMP-2 is sufficient to(More)
Effective accumulation of nanoparticles (NPs) in tumors is crucial for NP-assisted cancer diagnosis and treatment. With the hypothesis that aggregation of NPs stimulated by tumor microenvironment can be utilized to enhance retention and cellular uptake of NPs in tumors, we designed a smart NP system to evaluate the effect of aggregation on NPs' accumulation(More)
Mixed-charge zwitterionic surface modification shows great potential as a simple strategy to fabricate nanoparticle (NP) surfaces that are nonfouling. Here, the in vivo fate of 16 nm mixed-charge gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is investigated, coated with mixed quaternary ammonium and sulfonic groups. The results show that mixed-charge AuNPs have a much longer(More)
Polyelectrolyte multilayer coatings have emerged as substrates to control a variety of cell behaviour, including adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. In particular, it is possible to modulate film stiffness by physical or chemical cross-linking. In this study, we evaluate the adhesive behaviour of skeletal muscle cells (C2C12 myoblasts) during the(More)
Efficient delivery of growth or survival factors to cells is one of the most important long-term challenges of current cell-based tissue engineering strategies. The extracellular matrix acts as a reservoir for a number of growth factors through interactions with its components. In the matrix, growth factors are protected against circulating proteases and(More)
A novel ultrathin enzymatically degradable multilayered film using DNA as building blocks was fabricated by the layer-by-layer (LbL) technique. The UV-vis spectrometry and AFM experiments showed that the buildup of DNA and poly-L-lysine (PLL) was a kind of "exponentially growing films". The dye adsorption experiment suggested that the DNA molecules in the(More)
The acidic microenvironment of tumor tissues has proven to be one of the major differences from other normal tissues. The near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation of aggregated gold nanoparticles in a tumor acidic pH-induced manner could then provide an effect approach to treat solid tumors with the advantage of minimizing the undesired damage to normal(More)
Infection and thrombus formation are still the biggest challenges for the success of blood contact medical devices. This work aims the development of an antimicrobial and hemocompatible biomaterial coating through which selective binding of albumin (passivant protein) from the bloodstream is promoted and, thus, adsorption of other proteins responsible for(More)