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BACKGROUND The accuracy of quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) is often influenced by experimental artifacts, resulting in erroneous expression profiles of target genes. The practice of employing normalization using a reference gene significantly improves reliability and its applicability to molecular biology. However, selection of an ideal reference(More)
Recommended Citation Yu, Yin. "Identification and characterization of cartilage progenitor cells by single cell sorting and cloning. ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This thesis would not have been possible without the guidance of my committee members, help from my colleagues and friends, and support from my family. First and Foremost, I would like to express my deepest(More)
ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to acknowledge sincerely to my committee members, my coworkers, my family and friends, without whom this thesis would not be completed. First of all, I would like to extend my heartfelt gratitude to my research advisor, Dr. James Martin, without whom I could not finish this thesis. His outstanding originality, active(More)
ii To my family, wife iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First of all, I thank God for allowing me to be here today after several years of study at the University of Iowa. I cannot express enough thanks to my committee for their continued support and encouragement: my sincere appreciation for all the learning opportunities given to me provided by my committee. I extend(More)
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