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BACKGROUND Deliberate self-harm among young people is an important focus of policy and practice internationally. Nonetheless, there is little reliable comparative international information on its extent or characteristics. We have conducted a seven-country comparative community study of deliberate self-harm among young people. METHOD Over 30,000 mainly(More)
Performance on the Verbal Fluency Test, as a measure of the ability of initiating processes, is reduced in depressed suicidal patients. The hampered results in this prefrontal executive task parallel the reduction in prefrontal blood perfusion and metabolism in depressed subjects. A neuropsychological activation study with the verbal fluency paradigm could(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To review literature on young people who deliberately harmed themselves that was published between March 2005 and December 2006 in English language journals. RECENT FINDINGS Recent follow-up studies have confirmed that deliberate self-harm at a young age is an important indication of mental health problems in later life, including a(More)
BACKGROUND Bereaved individuals are at increased risk of mental and physical disorders, and prevention and treatment of complicated grief is indicated. Earlier quantitative reviews have not focused on the effect of bereavement interventions on (complicated) grief. Therefore the main objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the short-term and(More)
This study aimed at determining the functional neuroanatomy of mental pain, a hitherto neglected symptom in the study of depression, which according to DSM-IV is stronglylinked with suicide. Mental pain (measured with the Orbach & Mikulincer Mental Pain Scale), suicidal ideation (measured using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression), hopelessness(More)
BACKGROUND Depression has a reported mean prevalence of 24% in patients diagnosed with cancer. However, little systematic research on the efficacy of antidepressants in patients with cancer has been performed. METHOD The efficacy and safety of mianserin were studied in 55 depressed women with breast cancer (stage I or II and without known metastases), in(More)
BACKGROUND Psycho-educational programs are among the most commonly applied suicide prevention approaches for young people. This study examined the effectiveness of these programs in a controlled study by assessing the effect on knowledge, attitudes, coping and hopelessness. METHOD Fourteen- to 18-year-old students were administered structured(More)
BACKGROUND Brief problem-solving therapy is regarded as a pragmatic treatment for deliberate self-harm (DSH) patients. A recent meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating this approach indicated a trend towards reduced repetition of DSH but the pooled odds ratio was not statistically significant. We have now examined other important(More)
BACKGROUND While recent studies have found problem-solving impairments in individuals who engage in deliberate self-harm (DSH), few studies have examined repeaters and non-repeaters separately. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether specific types of problem-solving are associated with repeated DSH. METHOD As part of the WHO/EURO(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted meta-analyses of functional and structural neuroimaging studies comparing adolescent and adult individuals with a history of suicidal behavior and a psychiatric disorder to psychiatric controls in order to objectify changes in brain structure and function in association with a vulnerability to suicidal behavior. METHODS Magnetic(More)