Keekyoung Kim

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Applications in micro and nanotechnologies require millimeter-sized devices that are capable of 3-axis positioning with motion ranges of micrometers and resolutions of nanometers. This paper reports on the design, fabrication, and testing of a MEMS-based 3-axis positioning stage. In-plane and out-of-plane electrostatic actuators (comb-drive and(More)
Cellular force sensing and control techniques are capable of enhancing the dexterity and reliability of microrobotic cell manipulation systems. This paper presents a vision-based cellular force sensing technique using a microfabricated elastic cell holding device and a sub-pixel visual tracking algorithm for resolving forces down to 3.7nN during(More)
Bioprinting is a 3D fabrication technology used to precisely dispense cell-laden biomaterials for the construction of complex 3D functional living tissues or artificial organs. While still in its early stages, bioprinting strategies have demonstrated their potential use in regenerative medicine to generate a variety of transplantable tissues, including(More)
This article reports the investigation of mechanical properties of alginate-chitosan microcapsules and the relation to protein delivery. For microscale compression testing, a system based on a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) capacitive force sensor was developed. The bulk microfabricated capacitive force sensors are capable of resolving forces up to(More)
Bioprinting is a rapidly developing technique for biofabrication. Because of its high resolution and the ability to print living cells, bioprinting has been widely used in artificial tissue and organ generation as well as microscale living cell deposition. In this paper, we present a low-cost stereolithography-based bioprinting system that uses visible(More)
As mechanical end-effectors, microgrippers enable the pick–transport–place of micrometer-sized objects, such as manipulation and positioning of biological cells in an aqueous environment. This paper reports on a monolithic MEMS-based microgripper with integrated force feedback along two axes and presents the first demonstration of forcecontrolled(More)
Precise calibration of multi-axis microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) force sensors is difficult for several reasons, including the need to apply many known force vectors at precise orientations at the micro- and nanoNewton (nN) force scales, and the risk of damaging the small, fragile microdevices. To tackle these challenges, this paper introduces the(More)
This paper presents the first demonstration of force-controlled micrograsping at the microNewton force level. The system manipulates highly deformable biomaterials (hydrogel microcapsules and biological cells) in an aqueous environment using a MEMS-based microgripper with integrated force feedback along two axes. The microgripper integrates an(More)
This paper presents the use of a monolithic, force-feedback MEMS (microelectomechanical systems) microgripper for characterizing both elastic and viscoelastic properties of highly deformable hydrogel microcapsules (15–25µm) at wet state during micromanipulation. The single-chip microgripper integrates an electrothermal microactuator and two(More)
Engineering of organized vasculature is a crucial step in the development of functional and clinically relevant tissue constructs. A number of previous techniques have been proposed to spatially regulate the distribution of angiogenic biomolecules and vascular cells within biomaterial matrices to promote vascularization. Most of these approaches have been(More)