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Unlike the prototype transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) activates macrophages. Here, we report that BMP-6 induces the expression of IL-6 in macrophages. Using overexpression and knockdown experiments, we demonstrate that BMP receptor type II and activin-like kinase-2 are necessary for IL-6 induction by BMP-6. At the(More)
Dynamic computed tomographic (CT) findings of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the pancreas include strong enhancement or conglomeration of small hypervascular spots in the pancreas and early contrast filling of the portal vein during the arterial phase. We describe a case with pancreatic AVM in which we identified enlarged arterial feeders and draining(More)
The alteration of the mucin profile have been known to play a role in colorectal carcinogenesis. MUC1 is up-regulated and MUC2 is down-regulated in colorectalcarcinomas. Overexpression of p53 is frequently noted in colorectal carcinomas with deep invasion or lymph node metastasis. However, there have been few reports about the association between MUC1,(More)
OBJECTIVE Intraductal papillary neoplasm (IPN) of the bile duct is a newly described pathologic entity characterized by the presence of intraluminal tumors, which sometimes produce a large amount of mucin and form a cystic tumor. Cystic IPN of the bile duct is different from biliary cystadenoma or cystadenocarcinoma in that the former produces intraductal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) are precursor lesions of fatal pancreatic cancer. Physiological function of microRNA is to regulate the stability and translation of mRNA. The aberrant microRNA expression is commonly observed in many cancers. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression pattern of microRNA in IPMN and(More)
PURPOSE Intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPN-B) is known as a premalignant lesion of invasive cholangiocarcinoma. The purpose of this study was for radiologic-pathologic correlation of morphologic features of IPN-B and to correlate the subclassifications with biological behavior in regard to the bile duct wall invasion. MATERIALS AND(More)
Sweet syndrome is a cutaneous lesion characterized by tender, red inflammatory nodules or papules. We describe a pediatric case of Sweet syndrome presenting 10 days after treatment with azathioprine. As azathioprine is widely used in children with inflammatory bowel disease, clinicians should be aware of this unusual adverse reaction.
The authors present a case of histologically proven bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) lymphoma of the lung in a patient with primary Sjögren's syndrome that manifested on thin-section CT scan as a mosaic pattern of inhomogeneous attenuation due to mixed small airway and infiltrative abnormalities
BACKGROUND Frequently associated with hormone refractory prostate cancer are neuroendocrine cells. Because these cells do not express androgen receptors and are castration-resistant, further understanding the mechanism of neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) of prostate cancer cells may yield novel intervention methods in hormone refractory prostate cancer.(More)
Mucosal and acral melanomas have demonstrated different genetic alterations and biological behavior compared with more common cutaneous melanomas. It was recently reported that gain-of-function KIT mutations and/or copy number increases are more common in mucosal and acral melanomas. Thus, we studied the frequency and pattern of KIT aberrations in mucosal(More)